Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
SCHEDULE 14A
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Amendment No.)
Filed by the Registrant x
Filed by a Party other than the Registrant o
Check the appropriate box:
oPreliminary Proxy Statement
oConfidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))
xDefinitive Proxy Statement
oDefinitive Additional Materials
oSoliciting Material Pursuant to §240.14a-12
ALLETE, Inc.
(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)
(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)
Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):
xNo fee required.
oFee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11.
(1) Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:
(2) 
Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:
(3) Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):
(4) Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:
(5) Total fee paid:
oFee paid previously with preliminary materials.
oCheck box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.
(1) Amount Previously Paid:
(2) Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:
(3) Filing Party:
(4) Date Filed:





ALLETE, Inc.
30 West Superior Street
Duluth, Minnesota 55802

NOTICE OF 2020 ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS ________________________________________________________________

When:Tuesday, May 12, 2020, at 10:30 a.m. CDT
(Doors will open at 9:30 a.m.)
Where:Duluth Entertainment Convention Center
Lake Superior Ballroom
350 Harbor Drive
Duluth, MN 55802
Business Items:
1. To elect a Board of Directors to serve for the ensuing year;
2. To hold an advisory vote to approve ALLETE's executive compensation;
3. To ratify the selection of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as ALLETE's independent registered public accounting firm for 2020; and
4. To transact such other business as may properly come before the meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof.
Entitled to Vote:Shareholders of record on the books of ALLETE at the close of business on March 13, 2020.
Attendance:All shareholders are invited and encouraged to attend the Annual Meeting. If you plan to attend in person, please review the information on page 2.

At the direction of the Board of Directors,


/s/ Margaret A. Thickens
Margaret A. Thickens
Vice President, Chief Legal Officer, and Corporate Secretary

March 18, 2020
Duluth, Minnesota

ALLETE is monitoring the COVID-19 outbreak and we are planning for the possibility that it may become inadvisable or impossible to hold the 2020 Annual Meeting as planned. If we determine that we need to make to changes the 2020 Annual Meeting, including, possibly, changing to a meeting held solely by means of remote communications, we will announce the alternative arrangements as soon as possible.





PROXY STATEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS
________________________________________________________________
    Perquisites
i






ii



DEFINITIONS ________________________________________________________________
The following abbreviations or acronyms are used in this Proxy Statement. References to "we," "us," and "our" are to ALLETE, Inc.
Abbreviation or AcronymTerm
AIPALLETE Executive Annual Incentive Plan
ALLETE, or CompanyALLETE, Inc.
Annual MeetingAnnual Meeting of Shareholders
ASCFinancial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification
Audit CommitteeAudit Committee of the Board
Board, or DirectorsALLETE's Board of Directors
CD&ACompensation Discussion and Analysis Section of this Proxy Statement
CEOALLETE's Chief Executive Officer
CFOALLETE's Chief Financial Officer
CIC Severance PlanThe ALLETE and Affiliated Companies Change in Control Severance Plan
Common StockALLETE Common Stock
Compensation Committee, or ECC
Executive Compensation Committee of the Board

Compensation Recovery PolicyThe ALLETE and Affiliated Companies Compensation Recovery Policy
Corporate Governance Committee, or CGCCorporate Governance and Nominating Committee of the Board
Deferral Plan I
The ALLETE Non-Employee Director Compensation Deferral Plan I
Deferral Plan II
The ALLETE Non-Employee Director Compensation Deferral Plan II
Deferral Plans
Deferral Plan I and Deferral Plan II, collectively
EEIEdison Electric Institute
ERMEnterprise Risk Management
Exchange ActSecurities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
LTIPThe ALLETE Executive Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan
NEONamed Executive Officer
NYSENew York Stock Exchange
Pearl MeyerPearl Meyer & Partners, LLC
PricewaterhouseCoopersPricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
PSAPerformance Share Award
RSOPThe ALLETE and Affiliated Companies Retirement Savings and Stock Ownership Plan
RSURestricted Stock Unit
SECSecurities and Exchange Commission
SERPSERP I and SERP II, collectively
SERP IThe ALLETE and Affiliated Companies Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan I
SERP IIThe ALLETE and Affiliated Companies Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan II
Tax CodeInternal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
TSRTotal Shareholder Return

iii



https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-image21.jpg

ALLETE, Inc.
30 West Superior Street
Duluth, Minnesota 55802

PROXY STATEMENT
________________________________________________________________


Proxy Solicitation and Costs
ALLETE is delivering these proxy materials to our shareholders as part of soliciting proxies to be
voted at the Company's 2020 Annual Meeting, which will be held on Tuesday, May 12, 2020,
at 10:30 a.m. CDT in the Lake Superior Ballroom at the Duluth Entertainment Convention Center in Duluth, Minnesota.

We expect to solicit proxies primarily by mail. We will also solicit proxies by e-mail from shareholders who previously requested to receive proxy materials electronically and from the majority of our employee shareholders.

We have retained Georgeson LLC to assist in the solicitation of proxies. Directors, officers, other employees, or retirees also may solicit proxies in person or by telephone at a nominal cost. Brokers and other custodians, nominees, and fiduciaries will be asked to solicit proxies or authorizations from beneficial owners and will be reimbursed for their reasonable expenses. The Company expects to pay approximately $10,000 plus expenses in connection with soliciting proxies.

The Notice of Annual Meeting, Proxy Statement, and form of proxy were first sent to shareholders on or about March 26, 2020.


Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Annual Meeting:
The Proxy Statement and ALLETE's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K are available online at materials.proxyvote.com/018522.

1



QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE ANNUAL MEETING
AND VOTING
________________________________________________________________

        Why did I receive these proxy materials?
You received these materials because you were an ALLETE shareholder at the close of business on March 13, 2020 (the Record Date) and you are entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting.


        Who is entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting?
Investors who held the Company's Common Stock at the close of business on the Record Date are entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting. As of the close of business on the Record Date, there were 51,777,548 outstanding shares of Common Stock, each entitled to one vote.


        What is the purpose of the Annual Meeting?
At the meeting, shareholders will be asked to do the following:

Elect a Board of ten Directors to serve for the ensuing year. The Director nominees are: Kathryn W. Dindo,George G. Goldfarb, Alan R. Hodnik, James J. Hoolihan, Heidi E. Jimmerson, Madeleine W. Ludlow, Susan K. Nestegard, Douglas C. Neve, Bethany M. Owen, and Robert P. Powers;
Hold an advisory vote to approve executive compensation;
Ratify the selection of PricewaterhouseCoopers as the Company's independent registered public accounting firm for 2020; and
Transact such other business as may properly come before the meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof.

The Board is not aware of any other matter to be presented at the Annual Meeting. If any other matters properly come before the meeting, all shares represented by valid proxies will be voted in accordance with the judgment of the appointed proxies.


        What do I need if I plan to attend the Annual Meeting?
You will need an admission ticket to attend the Annual Meeting. An admission ticket has been included with your proxy materials or with your Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials.

Please vote your proxy even if you plan to attend the Annual Meeting. After you vote, keep your admission ticket and bring it with you to the meeting.

If you do not bring your admission ticket to the Annual Meeting, you will be asked to present proof of your Common Stock ownership and a government-issued photo identification in order to receive an admission ticket on the day of the meeting.

Each shareholder may bring a guest to the Annual Meeting. Guests must be accompanied by a shareholder and will need an admission ticket to enter the meeting. You may request an additional ticket for your guest on the day of the Annual Meeting.
2



        How might the COVID-19 outbreak impact the Annual Meeting?
ALLETE is monitoring the COVID-19 outbreak and we are planning for the possibility that it may become inadvisable or impossible to hold the 2020 Annual Meeting as planned. If we determine that we need to make changes to the 2020 Annual Meeting, including, possibly, changing to a meeting held solely by means of remote communications, we will announce the alternative arrangements as soon as possible.

How many votes must be present to hold the Annual Meeting?
The holders of a majority of the shares of Common Stock entitled to vote at the meeting must be present in person or represented by proxy to constitute a quorum, which is required to transact business at the Annual Meeting.


        What are the Board's voting recommendations?
The Board recommends that you vote as follows:

(1) "FOR" each Director nominee;
(2) "FOR" the advisory approval of ALLETE's executive compensation;
(3) "FOR" ratification of PricewaterhouseCoopers as the Company's independent registered public accounting firm for 2020; and
(4) in accordance with the discretion of the persons acting under the proxy concerning such other business as may properly be brought before the meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof.
Unless contrary instructions are provided, all shares of Common Stock represented by valid proxies will be voted in accordance with the Board's recommendations.


        How do I vote my shares?
You may vote your shares by proxy using any of the following methods:

Internet: Vote online at www.proxypush.com/ale. Follow the instructions on your proxy card or, if you received these materials electronically, the instructions in the email message notifying you of the availability of these materials. Do not return your proxy card if you vote online. Internet voting will be available until 12:00 p.m. CDT on May 11, 2020.
Telephone: Vote using a touch-tone telephone by calling (866) 883-3382 and following the instructions on your proxy card or, if you received these materials electronically, the instructions in the email message notifying you of the availability of these materials. Do not return your proxy card if you vote by telephone. Telephonic voting will be available until 12:00 p.m. CDT on May 11, 2020.
Mail: Complete, sign, and date the proxy card that you received and return it, using the prepaid postage envelope provided, to ALLETE, Inc., c/o Shareowner Services, P.O. Box 64873, St. Paul, MN 55164-0873.

If your shares are held in the name of a broker, bank, or other nominee, you must vote your shares in the manner prescribed by your brokerage firm, bank, or other nominee. Your brokerage firm, bank, or other nominee should give you a voting instruction form to direct your brokerage firm or other nominee about how to vote your shares.

3



What is the difference between a shareholder of record and a “street name” shareholder?

If your Common Stock is registered directly in your name with our transfer agent, Equiniti Trust Company, you are a "shareholder of record." As a shareholder of record, you have the right to vote your shares by proxy directly with the Company (online, by telephone, or by mail) or in person at the Annual Meeting.

If your Common Stock is in an account or trust held in the name of a broker, bank, or other nominee as custodian on your behalf, or in "street name," you are a beneficial owner. As a beneficial owner, you have the right to direct your brokerage firm, bank, or other nominee as to how to vote your shares. You are also invited to attend the Annual Meeting. If you wish to vote your shares in person at the meeting, however, you must bring a legal proxy from your broker, bank, or other nominee.


        Can my broker vote my shares for me without my instruction?
Your broker can vote your shares without instruction from you only as to the ratification of the selection of our independent registered public accounting firm for 2020 (Item 3).

As to all other voting items in this Proxy Statement, your broker cannot vote your shares without instructions from you.

If you do not instruct your broker to vote your shares as to Item 1, your shares will not be considered in determining the number of votes necessary for approval and will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal.

If you do not instruct your broker to vote your shares as to Item 2, your shares will be considered an abstention and your abstention will have the same effect as a vote against that proposal.


        Can I change my vote or revoke my proxy?
Yes. If you are a shareholder of record, you can change your vote or revoke your proxy at any time before it is voted at the Annual Meeting, either by signing and returning a proxy card with a later date or by attending the Annual Meeting in person and changing your vote prior to the start of the meeting. If you have voted your shares online or by telephone, you can revoke your prior online or telephonic vote by recording a different vote, or by signing and returning a proxy card dated as of a date later than your last online or telephonic vote. If your shares are held in street name, you must contact your broker, bank, or other nominee to change your vote or revoke your proxy.


4



        What vote is required to approve each proposal?
Item 1: Each Director will be elected by the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast with respect to that Director nominee. A majority of the votes cast means that the number of votes cast “for” the election of a nominee must exceed the number of votes cast “against” the election of that nominee. Each nominee receiving more votes for his or her election than votes against his or her election will be elected. If you abstain from voting for one or more of the nominees for Director, your abstention will have no effect on the election of such Director.

Item 2: The advisory vote on executive compensation will be decided by an affirmative vote of a majority of the shares present in person or represented by proxy and entitled to vote, provided that the total number of shares voting for this proposal represents more than 25 percent of the Common Stock shares outstanding on the Record Date. If you abstain from this advisory vote, your abstention will have the same effect as a vote against this proposal. Although this is a non-binding, advisory vote, the Compensation Committee and the Board will consider the outcome of the vote when making future executive compensation decisions.

Item 3: The affirmative vote of a majority of the shares present in person or represented by proxy is required to ratify the selection of PricewaterhouseCoopers as our independent registered public accounting firm for 2020, provided that the total number of shares voting for this proposal represents more than 25 percent of the shares outstanding on the Record Date. If you abstain from voting for the ratification of the selection of PricewaterhouseCoopers, your abstention will have the same effect as a vote against this proposal.

A “broker non-vote” occurs when a broker submits a proxy card for shares to the Company but does not indicate a vote on a particular matter because the broker has not received timely voting instructions from the beneficial owner with respect to that particular matter. Broker non-votes are not counted for or against any proposal. They are treated as shares not present and not entitled to vote on a particular proposal.

An automated system administered by EQ Shareowner Services will tabulate the proxy votes.


        How can I subscribe to electronic delivery of annual reports and proxy statements?
We offer our shareholders the convenience of receiving proxy statements, annual reports, and other shareholder materials electronically. With your consent, we will no longer send you paper copies of these documents beginning next year. Instead, we will send you an email notification that the shareholder materials have been filed with the SEC and are available for you to view, including a link to the website where you can view the materials. We will also provide you with a link to allow you to vote your shares of Common Stock online. To sign up for electronic receipt of shareholder materials, follow these directions:

1.Log onto the Internet at www.allete.com
2.Click on “Investors”
3.Click on “Shareholder Services”
4.Click on “Proxy Electronic Delivery”
5.Follow the prompts to submit your electronic consent

You will receive an email confirmation of your enrollment. You will continue to receive your shareholder materials electronically for as long as you remain a shareholder and the email account that you provide the Company remains active, unless you choose to cancel your enrollment, which you may do at any time.
5



I received proxy materials electronically. How can I get paper copies of these materials?
If you want paper copies of proxy materials, including a proxy card, delivered to you, please call ALLETE Shareholder Services at (800) 535-3056 or (218) 355-3114.


        Why would I receive more than one proxy card?
You might receive multiple proxy cards if you hold your shares in more than one account. Please vote all the shares that you own. We encourage you to have all accounts registered in the same name and address whenever possible. You can accomplish this by contacting ALLETE Shareholder Services at (800) 535-3056 or (218) 355-3114, or by writing to ALLETE, Inc., Attention: Shareholder Services, 30 West Superior Street, Duluth, MN 55802.


        I received more than one complete set of proxy materials. Is it possible to eliminate duplicates?
If you hold stock in more than one account or if you are a registered shareholder and you share the same address with another of our registered shareholders, you may request delivery of a single copy of future annual reports and proxy statements at any time by calling ALLETE Shareholder Services at (800) 535-3056 or (218) 355-3114, or by writing to ALLETE's transfer agent, Equiniti Trust Company, Shareowner Services, Attention: Householding, P.O. Box 64854, St. Paul,
MN 55164-0854.

Many brokerage firms and financial institutions have procedures for delivering a single copy of Company documents to households with multiple beneficial shareholders. If your family has one or more “street name” accounts under which you beneficially own shares of Common Stock, please contact your broker or financial institution directly if you require additional copies of this Proxy Statement or ALLETE's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, or if you have other questions or directions concerning your “street name” account.


        Where can I find the voting results?
We will announce preliminary results at the Annual Meeting and publish the results in a Form 8-K filed with the SEC within four business days after the date of the Annual Meeting.


        Who can answer my additional questions?
You are welcome to contact ALLETE Shareholder Services with any questions you may have regarding this Proxy Statement. The telephone numbers are (800) 535-3056 or
(218) 355-3114. The mailing address is: ALLETE, Inc., Attention: Shareholder Services,
30 West Superior Street, Duluth, MN 55802.

6



OWNERSHIP OF ALLETE COMMON STOCK
________________________________________________________________

Company records and other information available from outside sources, including information filed with the SEC, indicate that the following shareholders beneficially owned more than five percent of the Company's voting securities as of March 13, 2020:



Securities Owned by Certain Beneficial Owners
Title of ClassName and Address of Beneficial OwnerAmount and Nature
of Beneficial Ownership
Percent of
Class1
Common Stock
BlackRock, Inc.2
55 East 52nd Street
New York, NY 10055
6,353,529  12.3%  
Common Stock
The Vanguard Group3
100 Vanguard Boulevard
Malvern, PA 19355
5,338,230  10.3%  
As of March 13, 2020.
The information shown, including the number of shares beneficially owned, comes from information filed with the SEC on Schedule 13G/A on February 4, 2020. The information reflects the number of Common Stock shares beneficially owned as of December 31, 2019, by BlackRock, Inc. and certain of its subsidiaries.
The information shown, including the number of shares beneficially owned, comes from information filed with the SEC on Schedule 13G/A on February 10, 2020. The information reflects the number of Common Stock shares beneficially owned as of December 31, 2019, by The Vanguard Group and certain of its subsidiaries.


Securities Owned by Directors and Management
As discussed on page 22, non-employee Directors are expected to own shares with a valuation equal to at least five times their annual cash retainer within five years of election. As of March 13, 2020, all independent Directors met the Common Stock ownership guideline, except Ms. Nestegard and Mr. Powers, who first became subject to the guideline in 2018 and 2017, respectively, and who both are making expected progress toward meeting the guideline.

Common Stock ownership guidelines applicable to NEOs are discussed on pages 22 and 40. The Board reviewed executive stock ownership in April 2019. As of March 13, 2020, all NEOs met their respective stock ownership guideline, except: Ms. Owen, who was promoted to a position with a higher share ownership expectation in 2019, and again in 2020, and who is making expected progress toward meeting her guideline; and Mr. Adams, who had exceeded his guideline when he entered into a recent sale and whose current ownership is slightly below his guideline level in light of recent market fluctuations.

In determining whether Directors and NEOs met the Common Stock ownership guidelines, we include deferred shares and RSUs because we believe these derivative holdings accomplish similar objectives as stock ownership, namely, they encourage Directors and NEOs to have a stake in the Company and they align the Directors' and NEOs' interests with those of shareholders.

7



The following table shows the shares of Common Stock beneficially owned, as of March 13, 2020, by Directors, nominees for Director, executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table on page 45, and all Directors, nominees for Director, and executive officers as a group. Except as otherwise indicated, the persons shown have sole voting and investment power over the Common Stock listed.
Securities Owned by Directors and Management
Other2
Name of
Beneficial Owner
Number of
Shares
Beneficially
Owned1




Restricted
Stock Units
Deferred
Shares
Under the
Director
Deferred
Stock Plan
Total Shares Beneficially Owned for ALLETE Stock Ownership Guideline Purposes
Company
Stock
Ownership
Guidelines3
Non-EmployeeKathryn W. Dindo10,922  —  5,362  16,284  5,768  
Directors andGeorge G. Goldfarb 2,635  —  9,623  12,258  5,768  
Nominees forJames J. Hoolihan7,943  —  7,298  15,241  5,768  
DirectorHeidi E. Jimmerson15,674  —  7,061  22,735  5,768  
Madeleine W. Ludlow10,516  —  4,096  14,612  5,768  
Susan K. Nestegard686  —  2,388  3,074  5,768  
Douglas C. Neve12,656  —  8,107  20,763  5,768  
Robert P. Powers664  —  2,798  3,462  5,768  
NamedBethany M. Owen10,193  3,875  —  14,068  42,301  
ExecutiveAlan R. Hodnik45,699  13,713  —  59,412  25,464  
OfficersRobert J. Adams12,998  3,535  —  16,533  18,485  
Steven W. Morris6,267  1,163  —  7,430  4,332  
Nicole R. Johnson4,958  1,671  —  6,629  4,374  
Bradley W. Oachs14,975  —  —  14,975  —  
All Directors, nominees for Director, 
and executive officers as a group (16):
162,392  
The share amounts in this column include: (i) shares as to which voting and investment power is shared with the person's spouse: Mr. Hoolihan—7,939 and Mr. Neve—12,656, and (ii) shares owned by the person as custodian for minor child: 
Ms. Johnson—53. Each Director, nominee for Director, and executive officer, individually, and all Directors, nominees for Director, and executive officers as a group, beneficially own only a fraction of one percent of the Common Stock outstanding.
2  The amounts in the “Other” column do not represent either issued Common Stock or a right of the holder to receive Common Stock within 60 days and are not considered beneficially owned in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act. The amounts are shown here because the Company includes those holdings when determining whether a Director or NEO has met his or her applicable share ownership guideline. Directors are able to defer their retainer fees under the Deferral Plan II. Distributions of deferred shares will be made in Common Stock.
3 The stock ownership guideline amounts shown have been calculated using a Common Stock valuation of $65.01 per share, the closing price on March 13, 2020. The amount shown for non-employee Directors was determined based on the annual cash retainer in effect for Directors as of March 13, 2020. Stock ownership guideline amounts shown for all NEOs, except Mr. Hodnik and Mr. Oachs, were determined based on the NEO's salary as of March 13, 2020. Mr. Hodnik's guideline is based on his annualized salary for 2020, which takes into account that his service is expected to become less than full-time after May 2020. Mr. Oachs retired as of June 30, 2019, and he was no longer subject to share ownership guidelines after that date.


8



Pledging, Hedging, and Short Sales of Common Stock Prohibited
The ALLETE Purchase and Sale of Company Securities Policy prohibits Directors and officers, including each NEO, from holding Common Stock in a margin account or otherwise entering into any pledge arrangement that would permit a third party to sell the securities without the Director's or officer's consent or knowledge. In addition, no Director or officer, including any NEO, may enter into any transaction that allows him or her to be insulated from the full risk or reward of Common Stock ownership (i.e., hedging) nor may a Director or officer enter into any transaction that allows him or her to benefit from the devaluation of the Common Stock (i.e., short sale).


9



ITEM NO. 1—ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
________________________________________________________________

Each Director is elected to serve until the next annual election of Directors and until a successor is qualified and elected, or until the Director's earlier resignation or removal. If any nominee should become unavailable, which is not anticipated, the Board may provide by resolution for a lesser number of Directors, or designate substitute nominees, who would receive the votes represented by proxies. All shares represented by proxy will be voted, unless otherwise directed, “FOR” the election of the ten nominees for Director named below and on the following pages.


Nominees for Director
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-dindoexecutivephoto2019bw1.jpg
From 2001 to 2008, Ms. Dindo was the vice president and chief risk officer of FirstEnergy Corp. (NYSE: FE), a diversified electric company. Ms. Dindo is a certified public accountant who was a partner at Ernst & Young and later served as a senior financial executive at Caliber System, Inc. (formerly Roadway Services, Inc.), a transportation services company, before joining FirstEnergy in 1998. Ms. Dindo serves as a director and audit committee member of The J.M. Smucker Company (NYSE: SJM), which manufactures and markets branded food products.

Ms. Dindo also serves as a director of Shoebox Private Trust Company, LLC, as an executive committee member of the University of Akron Foundation, and as a member of the distribution committee of the GAR Foundation, a private foundation making community investments in the Akron, Ohio region.

Ms. Dindo is an audit committee financial expert within the meaning of the SEC rules. She has extensive experience with public company financial reporting and oversight, and a broad business perspective. Ms. Dindo also brings experience in electric utility risk management.
Kathryn W. Dindo
Age: 70
Director Since: 2009
Audit Committee Chair
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-goldfarba081.jpg
Mr. Goldfarb is the president and chief executive officer of Maurices Incorporated, a retailer of women's apparel, which, prior to May 4, 2019, was a wholly owned subsidiary of Ascena Retail Group, Inc. (NASDQ: ASNA). Mr. Goldfarb has served as Maurices Incorporated president since 2011 and as its chief executive officer since October 2015. From September 2016 to January 2018, he was the president and chief executive officer of the Value Fashion Segment of Ascena Retail Group, Inc., which included the Duluth-based Maurices brand and the Mahwah, New Jersey-based Dressbarn brand.

Mr. Goldfarb served as chief operating officer of Maurices Incorporated from 2006 to 2011 and as its chief financial officer from 2001 to 2006. From July 2015 to August 2016, he was the vice chairman of Ascena Retail Group, Inc.'s wholly owned subsidiary, Catherines Stores, Inc. Prior to his career in the retail fashion business, Mr. Goldfarb worked in public accounting at Kolquist, Seitz & Goldman, LLC in Duluth. Mr. Goldfarb serves on the Chancellor's Advisory Council for the University of Minnesota-Duluth. He is also a director of Essentia Health System and serves on its audit committee.

Mr. Goldfarb is an audit committee financial expert within the meaning of SEC rules. He brings a wealth of business knowledge and experience that includes deep ties to and insights into the local and regional economy as well as extensive national branding experience.
George G. Goldfarb
Age: 60
Director Since: 2012
Audit Committee Member
10



Nominees for Director
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-alhodnikbwa031.jpg
Mr. Hodnik is ALLETE's Executive Chairman. From January 31, 2019 to February 3, 2020, Mr. Hodnik served as ALLETE's Chairman and CEO and from May 2011 to January 2019, he served as ALLETE's Chairman, President, and CEO. Since joining the Company in 1982, Mr. Hodnik has served in many capacities, including in organizational development and managing electric generation facilities from 1995 to 2005, with an increasing scope of leadership responsibilities. In 2005, Mr. Hodnik was named Vice President-Generation Operations; in 2006, he became Senior Vice President of Minnesota Power Operations; and he was promoted to Chief Operating Officer in 2007, assuming responsibility for subsidiaries, SWL&P and BNI Energy, at that time. Mr. Hodnik was elected President of ALLETE in May 2009, serving in that role until January 2019. He was elected CEO in May 2010 and Chairman in May 2011.

Mr. Hodnik is a director for PolyMet Mining Corp. (NYSE-A: PLM; TSX: POM) and serves as the chair of its compensation committee. In 2017 and 2018, he served as president of the Association of Edison Illuminating Companies, an operations-focused electric industry trade association. Mr. Hodnik is also a director of Essentia Health System, where he is a member of its compensation committee. Mr. Hodnik served as the elected mayor of the City of Aurora, Minnesota from 1988 to 1997.

Mr. Hodnik has served ALLETE for nearly four decades, working in a wide variety of positions with increasing responsibility. He has extensive experience with both regulated utility and non-regulated utility operations, strategic planning, leadership, organizational development, and governmental affairs. Mr. Hodnik brings a deep understanding of the natural resource industries that ALLETE and its energy businesses interact with and serve.
Alan R. Hodnik
Age: 60
Director Since: 2009
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-hoolihana051.jpg
From 2011 until December 2017, Mr. Hoolihan served as chief executive officer and chair of the board of Industrial Lubricant Company, which provides industrial supplies and services to logging, railroad, taconite, and coal mining industries. Mr. Hoolihan was the president of Industrial Lubricant Company from 1981 to 2004. He is the owner and president of Can-Jer Industrial Lubricant, Ltd., which operates in Canada.

From 2004 until 2011, Mr. Hoolihan was the president and chief executive officer of the Blandin Foundation, a private, philanthropic foundation whose mission is to strengthen communities in rural Minnesota, the Grand Rapids area in particular. From 1990 to 1995, he served as the elected mayor of the City of Grand Rapids, Minnesota.Mr. Hoolihan is a director of the U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities, a non-profit that collaborates with partners in the public and private sectors to support working forests and forest-reliant communities. He also currently serves as a trustee for the Blandin Foundation and co-trustee for the Charles K. Blandin Residuary Trust. Mr. Hoolihan is also a trustee for the Mitchell Hamline School of Law.

Mr. Hoolihan is a long-time community leader in the Company's electric utility service area. He brings a deep knowledge of the industries and political issues of the service area, as well as business experience related to serving these industries.
James J. Hoolihan
Age: 67
Director Since: 2006
Corporate Governance
Committee Member
11



Nominees for Director
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-eddinsa051.jpg
As Lead Director, Ms. Jimmerson is an ex officio member of each Board committee. Ms. Jimmerson is the former executive vice president, secretary, and general counsel of Florida East Coast Railway, LLC, a railway company that is a successor to Florida East Coast Industries, Inc.'s transportation business. She joined Florida East Coast Industries, Inc. in 1999, and was responsible for all legal and governmental affairs of the corporation in addition to managing a variety of real estate transactions until her retirement in 2008. She is a board member of non-profit organizations in St. Johns County, Florida.

Ms. Jimmerson successfully completed the National Association of Corporate Directors' Cyber-Risk program, earning a Certificate in Cybersecurity Oversight from the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University.

Ms. Jimmerson brings to the Board diversified business experience as well as expertise in public company corporate governance, legal and regulatory compliance, and strategic planning.
Heidi E. Jimmerson
Age: 63
Director Since: 2004
Audit Committee Member
(ex officio)
Compensation Committee Member (ex officio)
Corporate Governance Committee Member (ex officio)
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-ludlowexecutivephoto2019bw1.jpg
Ms. Ludlow provides consulting services regarding investments in private equity transactions. From 2009 to January 2011, she was a principal of Market Capital Partners LLC and from 2005 to 2009 was a principal of LudlowWard Capital Advisors, LLC, both of which were Ohio-based investment banking firms serving middle market companies.
Ms. Ludlow was the chair, chief executive officer, and president of Cadence Network, Inc., a web-based provider of utility expense management services from 2000 to 2004. She was formerly the vice president and chief financial officer of Cinergy Corp.
Ms. Ludlow is the founder and managing director of West Capital Advisors, LLC, which provides strategic and development advisory services for corporate innovation. She also serves on the board and chairs the audit committee of the Ohio National Fund, Inc., a registered investment company with 25 separate investment funds. Ms. Ludlow also is the board chair of the Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance, a non-profit that facilitates investment in energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.
Ms. Ludlow, an audit committee financial expert within the meaning of the SEC rules, brings deep experience with and a sophisticated understanding of investment banking, finance and accounting. She was a senior executive at a public utility and has worked closely with entrepreneurial and diversified businesses.
Madeleine W. Ludlow
Age: 65
Director Since: 2004
Corporate Governance Committee Chair
Compensation Committee Member
12



Nominees for Director
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-nestegardexecutivephoto201.jpg
Ms. Nestegard has been, since July 2017, an advisor for True Wealth Ventures, a venture capital fund focusing on investments in women-led businesses in high-growth markets where women are the primary customers. She was president of global healthcare of Ecolab, Inc. (NYSE:ECL), a global supplier of water, hygiene, and energy services, from 2010 to 2012; executive vice president, global healthcare from 2008 to 2010; and senior vice president, research, development, and engineering, and chief technical officer from 2003 to 2008. Ms. Nestegard has more than 20 years of experience with 3M Company (NYSE:MMM) in product development and business unit management, driving revenue expansion through innovation. Also an individual innovator, Ms. Nestegard holds 26 patents in her name.
Ms. Nestegard is a director and governance committee member of Hormel Foods, Inc. (NYSE:HRL). From 2013 to 2017, she served as a director and audit committee member of American Capital, Ltd, a private equity and global asset management company that merged, in 2017, into Ares Capital Corporation. From 2013 to 2017, Ms. Nestegard was also a director of Alcami Corporation, a pharmaceutical company based in Wilmington, North Carolina, and, in 2014, she served as the company's interim chief executive officer.
Ms. Nestegard brings extensive business experience, including audit committee experience, strategy development, innovation and disruptive technologies, and mergers and acquisitions. She has a demonstrated passion for supporting women in sciences and corporate leadership.
Susan K. Nestegard
Age: 59
Director Since: 2018
Compensation Committee Member
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-nevea041.jpg
Mr. Neve provides financial consulting services. He is the former executive vice president and chief financial officer of Minneapolis-based Ceridian Corp., a multinational human resources company, where he worked from February 2005 until March 2007. He is a certified public accountant who, prior to February 2005, was an audit partner with Deloitte & Touche LLP, a public accounting firm.
Mr. Neve is an audit committee financial expert within the meaning of the SEC rules. He brings to the Company his knowledge of public accounting, corporate reporting, and risk management. His financial background includes experience as an executive of a publicly traded company and experience as a director and audit committee chair for publicly traded and privately held corporations.
Douglas C. Neve
Age: 64
Director Since: 2007
Audit Committee Member
Corporate Governance Committee Member
13



Nominees for Director
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-owenbethany521706pblbwa021.jpg
Ms. Owen has served as CEO of ALLETE since February 3, 2020. She was previously elected President on January 31, 2019. Since joining the Company as an attorney in 2002, Ms. Owen has served in various capacities. In 2010, Ms. Owen was appointed President of Superior Water, Light and Power Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of ALLETE, a position she held for more than six years. In that role, Ms. Owen led the development of the company’s growth strategy, operational improvements of electric, water, and gas infrastructure, including a multi-million dollar investment in new infrastructure to improve safety and reliability, and other measures to enhance service to customers. In 2012, Ms. Owen was also named a Vice President of Minnesota Power, an operating division of ALLETE, and on June 23, 2014, she also became Vice President–ALLETE Information Technology Solutions. Before becoming ALLETE President in January 2019, Ms. Owen served as ALLETE Senior Vice President, Chief Legal and Administrative Officer, and Secretary. She was appointed to this role, on November 26, 2016, and in it she had overall responsibility for the Company’s legal, information and operations technology strategy, cyber security, and human resources departments, while working closely with the Board on governance matters.

Ms. Owen has served on a variety of community and non-profit boards, including as vice chair of the Board of Trustees of the Duluth Superior Area Community Foundation, which promotes private giving for the public good and fosters generosity, civic engagement, and inclusiveness in northern Minnesota and Wisconsin; she also chairs the foundation's audit and scholarship committees.

At ALLETE, Ms. Owen has had a variety of roles with increasing responsibility and operational scope. She has experience developing and implementing regulatory policy and with business strategy development, enterprise risk management and compliance, cyber security, corporate governance, and organizational development.
Bethany M. Owen
Age: 54
Director Since: 2019
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-powersbobbw003a011.jpg
Mr. Powers retired in August 2017 as vice chair and senior advisor to the chairman and chief executive officer of American Electric Power Company (NYSE:AEP), one of the largest electric utilities in the United States with more than five million customers in eleven states. Mr. Powers held numerous leadership positions at AEP prior to becoming vice chair in January 2017, including executive vice president and chief operating officer of AEP from 2010 to December 2016; president of AEP utilities from 2008 to 2010; executive vice president of AEP east utilities from 2006 to 2008; and executive vice president of generation from 2003 to 2006. Mr. Powers also spent 16 years with Pacific Gas and Electric Company, rising to site vice president and plant manager at the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Generating Station, and six years with the Tennessee Valley Authority as a health physicist.

Mr. Powers is a longtime, active member of EEI and the former chair of the Center for Energy Workforce Development, an organization focused on recruiting technical talent to utilities.

Mr. Powers brings diverse regulated utility experience and strategic leadership, including expertise in strategic planning, executive compensation, and cybersecurity oversight.
Robert P. Powers
Age: 65
Director Since: 2017
Compensation Committee Chair

14



CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ________________________________________________________________

ALLETE's Board is responsible for effectively governing the Company's affairs for our shareholders' benefit. To the extent appropriate under Minnesota law, the Board considers other constituents' interests, including those of our employees, customers, suppliers, and the communities in which we do business. The Board recognizes that giving consideration to the needs of a broad range of stakeholders and making decisions guided by Company values are important to the Company's long-term success and profitability.

The independent Directors meet regularly in executive session for discussion without management present. The Board has direct access to management and meets with them individually when it deems appropriate. The Board and its committees also retain their own independent advisors.

Ongoing development is an important aspect of independent governance. Directors are asked to attend educational seminars and to share these experiences with the other Directors. During 2019, Directors attended educational courses presented by outside entities on a variety topics including: strategic and market developments in the electric utility industry; economic developments and the geopolitical landscape; governance issues for utility companies; board evaluations, composition, recruitment, and oversight of culture; board structure and effectiveness; integrated thinking in the boardroom; leadership, board diversity and inclusion; influential leadership; chairman and CEO's voice in the boardroom; CEO succession; corporate engagement and Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) priorities; and technological change and technology-savvy board practices.

In addition, Directors attended educational presentations hosted by the Company in 2019 covering the following topics: safety strategy and trends; enterprise risks; customer perspectives; and cyber security risks.

The Board and its committees undertake self-evaluations on an annual basis.


Governance Policies
ALLETE's Corporate Governance Guidelines and Board committee charters are available on our website at www.allete.com/Governance.

Our Corporate Governance Guidelines address the Board's responsibilities, committee responsibilities, Director selection and operating policies, Director compensation, expectations for Directors, Director stock ownership, and other matters. These guidelines were most recently revised in October 2019.

Each Board committee operates under its own charter. The Audit Committee Charter was last reviewed in January 2020 and last revised in January 2018. The Compensation Committee Charter was last reviewed and revised in July 2019. The Corporate Governance Committee Charter was last reviewed in October 2019 and last revised in October 2017.

15



Director Independence
Our Corporate Governance Guidelines provide that independent Directors will constitute a substantial majority of the Board. The Board has adopted independence standards that are consistent with the Director independence standards of the NYSE and the SEC. An “independent” Director is one who has no material relationship with the Company, other than as a Director, either directly or as a partner, shareholder, or officer of an organization that has a relationship with the Company. The CGC provides recommendations to the Board with respect to whether an individual Director is independent, and the Board annually reviews and makes an affirmative determination of each Director's independence.
The CGC and the Board consider all relevant facts and circumstances in making independence recommendations and independence determinations. In addition, the Board has adopted certain categorical standards to assist in determining a Director's independence. A “material relationship” with the Company exists and, therefore, a Director will not be independent, if any of the following applies:
the Director is or has been employed by the Company within the last three years (other than as a former interim Chairman or former interim CEO);
a member of the Director's immediate family is or has been employed by the Company as an executive officer within the last three years;
the Director or an immediate family member has received, during any 12-month period in any of the last three years, more than $120,000 in direct compensation from the Company (other than Director and committee fees, pension, and other deferred compensation);
the Director is a current partner or employee of a firm that is the Company’s current independent registered public accounting firm;
the Director has an immediate family member who is a current partner of the Company’s current independent registered public accounting firm;
the Director has an immediate family member who is a current employee of the Company’s current independent registered public accounting firm and who personally works on the Company’s audit;
the Director or an immediate family member was, within the last three years, a partner or employee of the Company’s current independent registered public accounting firm and personally worked on the Company’s audit within that time;
the Director or an immediate family member is or has been, within the last three years, employed as an executive officer of another company where any of the Company’s present executive officers serves or served on that company’s compensation committee at the same time;
the Director is a current employee, or the Director's immediate family member is a current executive officer, of a company that has made payments to, or received payments from, the Company for property or services in an amount which, in any of the last three fiscal years, exceeds the greater of $1 million or two percent of such other company’s consolidated gross revenues;
the Director has been, within the last three years, an employee, or the Director's immediate family member has been, within the last three years, an executive officer, of any business organization to which the Company was indebted at any time during the last three years in an aggregate amount in excess of five percent of the Company’s total assets;
the Director or an immediate family member has served, within the last three years, as an executive officer or general partner of an entity that has received an investment from the Company or any of its subsidiaries that exceeds the greater of $1 million or two percent of such entity’s total invested capital in any of the last three years; or
16



the Director or an immediate family member has been an executive officer of a foundation, university, non-profit trust, or other charitable organization, within the last three years, for which the Company and its respective trusts or foundations, account or accounted for more than the greater of $250,000 or two percent of such charitable organization’s consolidated gross revenues, in any of the last three years.

Director Independence Determinations
In considering the independence of the Directors, the CGC examined any transactions between Directors and the Company in 2019. In particular, the CGC considered Mr. Hoolihan's relationship to Industrial Lubricant Company (ILCO). Throughout 2017, Mr. Hoolihan served as chief executive officer of ILCO and had an ownership interest in the company. Since January 2018, ILCO has been owned and operated by Mr. Hoolihan's immediate family members. ILCO provides lubricant products and services to one of the Company's generating facilities and to one of the Company's wholly owned subsidiaries, BNI Energy, Ltd. During 2019, Company payments to ILCO totaled $839,216. The CGC reviewed the ILCO transactions, without Mr. Hoolihan's participation, and determined that the transactions with ILCO did not constitute a material relationship for purposes of the Company’s categorical standards in determining a Director’s independence. Mr. Hoolihan also had no personal involvement in the transactions and the transactions were not material to him or to any person or entity with whom he has an affiliation. The CGC concluded that Mr. Hoolihan did not have a direct or indirect material interest in the transactions. The CGC previously considered similar transactions that occurred in 2018 and 2017 and reached the same conclusions. Based on this, the CGC recommended to the Board, and the Board determined, that these transactions did not impair Mr. Hoolihan's independence.

The CGC concluded and recommended that the Board determine that each non-employee Director was independent. The Board reviewed the CGC's conclusions and recommendations in light of the Company's independence standards and the NYSE's corporate governance rules and concluded that each Director, except Ms. Owen and Mr. Hodnik, is independent.

There were no related-person transactions in 2019 that required Board review.

17



Board Highlights
ŸExecutive Board Chair
ŸCEO Serves as Director
ŸIndependent Lead Director
ŸCommittees Comprised of and Chaired by Independent Directors

Board Leadership Structure
Mr. Hodnik has served as Board Chairman since 2011. The Board developed and executed a succession planning process designed to achieve an orderly leadership transition. Ms. Owen, who has served on the Board since February 2019, was elected CEO effective February 3, 2020, at which time Mr. Hodnik became the Company's Executive Chairman. As Executive Chairman, Mr. Hodnik presides over meetings of the Board, presides over meetings of the shareholders, consults with and advises the Board and its committees on the Company's business and affairs, and performs other duties as may be assigned by the Board. Mr. Hodnik will retire as Executive Chairman and from the Board following ALLETE's 2021 annual meeting of shareholders.

In accordance with the Corporate Governance Guidelines, because the Chairman is not an independent Director, the Board has selected an independent Lead Director. The Lead Director performs the following duties:

presides when the Board meets in executive session;
presides at Board meetings when the Chairman is not present to lead the Board's deliberations;
serves as an ex officio member of each Board committee;
serves as a liaison between the Chairman and the independent Directors when necessary to provide a supplemental communication channel;
works with the Chairman to develop Board meeting agendas, schedules, and information to be provided to Directors;
leads the evaluation of CEO performance in consultation with the Corporate Governance Committee; and
performs other duties as requested by the independent Directors.

The Board believes that its leadership structure—an experienced Executive Board Chairman, an independent Lead Director, and committees comprised of and chaired by independent Directors—is the most effective for ALLETE at this time. In reaching this determination, the Board considered factors including the Company's size, the diversity and experience of our independent Board members, Mr. Hodnik's and Ms. Owen's industry and governance experience, leadership succession planning, the Board's effective use of the Lead Director who provides coordination and leadership for the independent Directors, and the active engagement by all Directors.


18



Overview of Board, Current Committee Memberships, and Meetings in 2019
Board of DirectorsAudit CommitteeCompensation CommitteeCorporate Governance Committee
Alan R. Hodnikµ
Kathryn W. Dindolµ«
George G. Goldfarbl
James J. Hoolihanll
Heidi E. Jimmerson1
llll
Madeleine W. Ludlowllµ
Susan K. Nestegardl
l
Douglas C. Nevell
Bethany M. Owenl
Robert P. Powerslµ
Meetings Held in 2019:    
l = Member µ = Chair « = "Audit committee financial expert" within the meaning of SEC rules
As Lead Director, Ms. Jimmerson is an ex officio member of each standing committee. The Lead Director's duties are described on page 18.



19



Board Committees
The Board has three standing committees: the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee, and the Corporate Governance Committee. We anticipate that committee chairs will rotate among Directors in the future. The Board recognizes that rotating chairs provides development for the Directors and allows a variety of perspectives in leadership positions.

Audit Committee
The Audit Committee selects, and reviews the independence and performance of, the independent registered public accounting firm. The Audit Committee also reviews the performance and resources of ALLETE's internal audit function, reviews and evaluates ALLETE's accounting policies, reviews periodic financial reports to be provided to the public, and, upon favorable review, recommends approval of the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements.

Compensation Committee
The Compensation Committee establishes compensation and benefits for ALLETE's executive officers that are designed to be equitable, competitive in the marketplace, and consistent with the Company's executive compensation philosophy. The Compensation Committee also makes recommendations to the Board regarding Director compensation. All members of the Compensation Committee qualify as “independent directors” under NYSE rules, “non-employee directors” under Rule 16b-3 under the Exchange Act, and “outside directors” under Section 162(m) of the Tax Code.

Corporate Governance Committee
The Corporate Governance Committee makes recommendations to the Board with respect to Board membership, function, committee structure and membership, succession planning for executive management, and application of corporate governance principles. It also performs the functions of a Director nominating committee, oversees the Board's annual evaluation of the CEO, and is authorized to exercise the authority of the Board in the intervals between Board meetings.


Director Meeting Attendance
Our Corporate Governance Guidelines provide that Directors are expected to regularly attend Board meetings and meetings of the committee or committees on which they serve. The Board held seven meetings during 2019 and each Director attended every Board meeting, except that three Directors each missed one meeting. Each Director attended at least 85 percent of the aggregate number of meetings held in 2019 by the committees on which they served. Directors standing for election are also expected to attend the Annual Meeting and each director standing for election in 2019 attended the Annual Meeting.



20



Director Nominations
The Corporate Governance Committee recommends Director candidates to the Board and will consider persons proposed by other Directors, management, search firms, or shareholders. We seek candidates whose diverse experiences, backgrounds and perspectives will contribute to robust discussion in the boardroom. The Board values diversity and strives to ensure the Board members reflect a range of ages as well as a variety of regional and professional backgrounds. All Director candidates will be evaluated based on the criteria identified below, regardless of who proposed such person.

In selecting Director nominees, the Board considers the following factors: integrity, achievements, judgment, personal character, the fit of the candidate's relevant experience with the experience of other Board members, the candidate's ability and willingness to devote adequate time to Board duties, and the likelihood that he or she will be willing and able to serve on the Board for a sustained period. The Corporate Governance Committee will consider the candidate's independence in accordance with ALLETE's Corporate Governance Guidelines and the NYSE and SEC rules. Director nominees must be willing and able to devote adequate time and attention to Board service, must demonstrate independent thinking, a collaborative nature, and stakeholder awareness, and must have experience with business and strategic planning, as well as prior service on, or working closely with, one or more other boards. In connection with the selection, due consideration will be given to a candidate's particular experience, including but not limited to: executive corporate leadership experience; understanding of board committee functions; understanding of generally accepted accounting principles; financial expertise (including qualification as an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of the SEC's rules); financing experience; auditing experience; human resource and executive compensation expertise; strategic planning and business development experience; experience with regulated utilities; strategic experience with renewable energy businesses; familiarity with the regions in which Company provides services; and community leadership.

The Board may engage a search firm to assist in identifying and conducting due diligence on potential Director nominees.

Before making contact with a potential candidate, the Corporate Governance Committee will notify the Board of its intent to do so, will provide the candidate's name and background information to the Board, and will allow time for Directors to comment. The Corporate Governance Committee will screen, personally interview, and recommend candidates to the Board. A majority of the Corporate Governance Committee members will interview any candidate before recommending that candidate to the Board. The recommendations of the Corporate Governance Committee will be timed so as to allow Board members an opportunity to interview the candidate prior to the nomination of the candidate.

A shareholder who wishes to propose a candidate should provide the person's name and a detailed background of his or her qualifications to the Corporate Governance Committee, c/o Corporate Secretary, ALLETE, Inc., 30 West Superior Street, Duluth, MN 55802.



21



Risk Oversight
The Board is responsible for overseeing risk management at the Company. The Board as a whole exercises direct oversight of strategic risks to the Company and other risk areas not delegated to one of its committees. The Audit Committee reviews and assesses the Company’s processes to manage financial reporting risk and to manage tax and other financial risks. The Compensation Committee oversees compensation programs and policies and their effect on risk-taking by management. The Corporate Governance Committee oversees compliance with legal and regulatory requirements, ALLETE’s Code of Business Conduct, and other related policies.

It is management’s responsibility to manage enterprise risks. The Board has overall responsibility for risk oversight, including, as part of regular Board and committee meetings, oversight of how Company leadership manages risks relevant to the Company. The Company’s ERM program ensures that strategic goals align with ALLETE’s mission, vision, and values and that decision-making includes adequate consideration of the associated risks. ERM defines procedures for identifying, mitigating, and reporting significant risks. In 2019, the Board received updates from senior management on ALLETE's risk appetite criteria and risk governance structure. The Board also reviewed ALLETE's updated strategy, including the strategy of each ALLETE business unit, to ensure appropriate consideration of risks and alignment with the Company's overall risk management objectives. In addition, management also provides the Board with regular updates of key enterprise risk indicators.

The Board's focus on effective risk oversight supports management as it establishes a tone and culture of effective risk management. Ms. Owen, Mr. Hodnik, and Ms. Jimmerson, as CEO, Executive Chair, and Lead Director, respectively, all play important roles in identifying significant risks to the Company and facilitating the Board's consideration of those risks. Among other things, they jointly review Board and committee agendas to ensure risks are appropriately addressed. The Lead Director participates as an ex officio member on all Board committees with full voting privileges on each committee.


Stock Ownership Guidelines
The Corporate Governance Committee has determined that non-employee Directors, as well as executive officers, should have an equity interest in the Company. The CGC believes that such equity ownership aligns the Directors' interests with those of the Company's shareholders. Accordingly, the Board has adopted stock ownership guidelines.

Directors are expected to own at least 500 shares of Common Stock prior to their election to the Board. Further, within five years of their election to the Board, non-employee Directors are expected to own shares worth at least five times the amount of the annual cash retainer paid to Directors. Executive stock ownership guidelines are discussed in the CD&A on page 40.

The CGC regularly reviews the stock ownership guidelines and may recommend changes to the Board as it deems appropriate.


22



Related Person Transactions
The Board recognizes that in the ordinary course of business, transactions may occur between ALLETE and its subsidiaries and entities with which some of our Directors and officers are or may have been affiliated. Such transactions are evaluated in accordance with ALLETE's Related Person Transaction Policy, which was last reviewed and approved by the Board in April 2019 and is available at www.allete.com/Governance.

Related persons include Directors, Director nominees, executive officers, and five percent shareholders, as well as their immediate family members and any entity controlled by these individuals or in which these individuals have a substantial financial interest.

The Related Person Transaction Policy applies to a financial transaction or arrangement, or a series of similar transactions or arrangements, which exceeds $25,000 annually or $6,250 quarterly, in which a related person has or will have a direct or indirect material interest.

Transactions between the Company and a related person generally require advance approval by the Corporate Governance Committee. If a new situation arises where advance approval is not practical, it is discussed with the Chair of the CGC, or with another CGC member designated by the Committee; an appropriate response might include subsequent ratification by the CGC.

The CGC also periodically reviews and assesses related person relationships to ensure ongoing fairness to the Company. Any member of the CGC who has an interest in a transaction will abstain from voting, but may participate in the discussion if invited to do so by the CGC Chair, or the Lead Director if the CGC Chair has an interest in the transaction.
The CGC considers factors it deems relevant in determining whether to approve a related person transaction, including:

the extent of the related person's interest in the transaction;
the availability of comparable products or services from non-related persons;
whether the transaction is on terms comparable to those that could be obtained in an arm's-length dealing with an unrelated third party;
the business reasons to enter into the transaction;
whether the transaction could impair the independence of a Director;
whether the annual amount involved exceeds the greater of $200,000 or 5 percent of the recipient's gross revenues for the year; and
whether the transaction would present an improper conflict of interest, taking into account the size of the transaction, the overall financial position of the related person, the direct or indirect relationship of the related person, and the ongoing nature of any proposed relationships.


23



Code of Business Conduct and Ethics
ALLETE has adopted a written Code of Business Conduct (which includes our code of ethics) that applies to all Directors and Company employees and officers, including the CEO, the CFO, and the Chief Accounting Officer and Controller. The Code of Business Conduct also applies to our contractors, suppliers, and vendors. ALLETE's Code of Business Conduct is available on our website at www.allete.com/Governance. Any amendment to, or waiver of, the Code of Business Conduct will be published on ALLETE's website promptly following the date of such amendment or waiver.


Sustainability and Corporate Responsibility
At ALLETE, we recognize that impacts from human activity, including climate change, are real, complex, and interrelated. We are committed to answer the call to transform the nation’s energy landscape through innovative and sustainable solutions. Please see our website at
http://www.allete.com/Sustainability for information about ways that ALLETE is demonstrating our commitment to sustainability.


Communications between Shareholders and Other Interested Parties and the Board
Shareholders and other interested parties who wish to communicate directly with the Board, the non-management Directors, or a particular Director, may do so by addressing the Lead Director,
c/o Corporate Secretary, ALLETE, Inc., 30 West Superior Street, Duluth, MN 55802.


24



ITEM NO. 2—ADVISORY VOTE TO APPROVE EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION ________________________________________________________________

We are asking our shareholders to cast a non-binding, advisory vote approving compensation for our NEOs as reported in this Proxy Statement.

ALLETE's executive compensation program is designed to enhance shareholder value while attracting and retaining experienced, qualified executives. To fully understand ALLETE's 2019 executive compensation, we encourage you to read the CD&A, starting on page 26 as well as the compensation tables and narrative disclosures that follow the CD&A. Those sections describe how our compensation programs are designed to achieve ALLETE's compensation objectives and provide detailed information on the 2019 compensation of our NEOs. We believe our executive compensation program reflects a pay-for-performance philosophy and is aligned with shareholders' long-term interests.

This proposal, commonly known as "say-on-pay," is required under Section 14A of the Exchange Act. Although this say-on-pay vote is advisory and not binding on the Company, the Compensation Committee and the Board will review the voting results and will take the outcome of the vote into account when considering future executive compensation decisions.

We have determined to hold a say-on-pay vote each year until the next non-binding, advisory shareholder vote on how frequently to hold the say-on-pay vote, commonly known as "say-on-frequency." The next say-on-frequency vote will be held no later than the 2023 Annual Meeting.


The Board recommends a vote “FOR” the advisory vote to approve executive compensation.

25



COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
________________________________________________________________

This CD&A explains ALLETE's executive compensation program and 2019 compensation for the following NEOs:
Bethany M. OwenPresident and CEO
Alan R. HodnikExecutive Chairman
Robert J. AdamsSenior Vice President and CFO
Steven W. MorrisVice President, Chief Accounting Officer, and Controller
Nicole R. JohnsonVice President and Chief Administrative Officer
Bradley W. OachsRetired Senior Vice President and President Regulated Operations

Ms. Owen was elected CEO effective February 3, 2020. Ms. Owen has served as President since January 31, 2019. Prior to her election as President, Ms. Owen served as ALLETE's Senior Vice President, Chief Legal and Administrative Officer, and Secretary, positions she had held since 2016.

Mr. Hodnik became Executive Chairman effective February 3, 2020. From January 31, 2019 to February 2020, Mr. Hodnik served as Chairman and CEO. Prior to January 2019, Mr. Hodnik had served as ALLETE's Chairman, President, and CEO since 2011.

Because Mr. Hodnik served as ALLETE's CEO throughout 2019, when the CD&A discussion below refers to CEO in connection with 2019 compensation, those references are to Mr. Hodnik.


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Compensation Philosophy
We use compensation as a tool to attract and retain the leaders on whom ALLETE's success depends. Our compensation program provides competitively benchmarked base compensation (i.e., fixed compensation) as well as incentive compensation for accomplishing goals that will create long-term shareholder value (i.e., variable compensation). Our compensation philosophy is based on these fundamental principles:
We link compensation to performance.
We balance compensation elements.
Our compensation is competitive and consistent with ALLETE's core values.
The ECC and the Board exercise independent judgment.
We require executive stock ownership to align executives' interests with shareholders' interests.
We consider tax and accounting rules.

26



Compensation Practices
What We Do
þWe link pay to performance.
þWe balance compensation elements.
þWe cap incentive compensation.
þWe use independent compensation consultants.
þWe require executive stock ownership.
þWe prohibit hedging, pledging, and short sales.
þWe require a double-trigger for a CIC Severance Plan payment.
þWe have a compensation recovery ("clawback") policy.

What We Don't Do
ýWe do not have employment agreements with our NEOs.
ýWe do not pay dividend equivalents on unvested RSUs or unearned performance shares.
ýWe do not provide stock options.
ýWe do not provide excessive perquisites.
ýWe do not provide tax gross-ups (except on relocation expenses paid under ALLETE's broad-based policy).


2019 Financial, Strategic, and Operational and Values Performance for Incentive Plans
NEOs have a significant portion of their compensation tied to Company performance. Annual incentives focus on achieving annual financial, strategic, and operational and values goals. Long-term incentives facilitate stock ownership and reward long-term profitability. As explained in this CD&A, ALLETE's 2019 performance directly affected our NEOs' compensation for 2019.

Annual incentives reward one-year performance measured by net income and cash from operating activities, subject to certain adjustments that are described in more detail beginning on
page 35. Annual incentives also reward shorter-term strategic goals as well as operational and values-based accomplishments.

As disclosed in ALLETE's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Net Income Attributable to ALLETE for the year ended December 31, 2019, prior to adjustment, was $185.6 million (compared to $174.1 million for 2018). To calculate net income for annual incentive purposes, the Compensation Committee established certain adjustments to ALLETE Net Income at the beginning of the performance period. Specifically, Net Income Attributable to ALLETE was decreased by $10.8 million to exclude: (1) net income associated with ALLETE Properties and (2) gains and other net income impacts related to U.S. Water Services.


27



As disclosed in ALLETE's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Cash from Operating Activities for 2019, prior to adjustment, was $249.5 million (compared to $433.1 million for 2018). To calculate cash from operating activities for AIP purposes, the Compensation Committee established certain adjustments to Cash from Operating Activities at the beginning of the performance period. Cash from Operating Activities was increased by $12.3 million to exclude: (1) cash associated with ALLETE Properties and U.S. Water Services operations and (2) a pension contribution made in cash.

In addition to financial metrics, the annual incentive also measures performance relative to strategic goals and operational and values goals. Our strategic goals vary from year to year, but generally focus on our ability to grow our business, diversify our power sources, and improve our operating efficiency.
Our operating and values goals are tied to the Company’s performance against safety and reliability measures. For 2019, the ECC approved the Company’s strategic performance as between threshold and target. This rating was based on the Company’s performance in the areas of retaining customers and growing the regulated business, advancing our next generation sustainability vision, and modernizing the customer experience. Performance on 2019 operational and values goals was below target.

As shown in the following chart, financial results along with performance on strategic and operational and values goals, resulted in an ALLETE annual incentive payout for 2019 that equaled 94.9 percent of target (compared to 115.2 percent in 2018).

2019 ALLETE Annual Incentive Results
Financial Metrics
MeasurementThresholdTargetSuperiorActualWeightingUnweighted ResultsPayout
Net Income$155.2 million  $172.4 million$189.6 million$174.8 million50.0%  114.0%  57.0%  
Cash from Operating Activities$242.5 million$269.4 million$296.3 million$261.8 million25.0%  88.8%  22.2%  
Strategic Goals
ThresholdTargetSuperiorActualWeightingUnweighted ResultsPayout
Growth, Sustainability, and Customer Service
Retain Customers & Grow Regulated Operations,
 Advance Next Generation Sustainability, and
Modernize the Customer Experience
Between Threshold and Target  15.0%  83.3%  12.5%  
Operational and Values Goals
ThresholdTargetSuperiorActualWeightingUnweighted ResultsPayout
Outage Duration
50%ile

62.5%ile

75%ile

<50%ile
10%  32%  3.2%  
Outage Frequency50%ile
62.5%ile

75%ile

<50%ile
Safety
Training
85%  95%  100%  98.5%
Safety
Observations
85%  95%  100%  92%
Safety Incident Rate 60%ile75%ile80%ile<50%ile
Safety Severity Rate 60%ile75%ile80%ile63%ile
Total94.9%  

28



Long-term incentives reflect performance over multi-year periods. Performance shares, awarded under the LTIP, reward TSR targets relative to peer group companies over a three-year period. ALLETE's TSR for the three-year period ended December 31, 2019, was 38.2 percent, ranking us in the 36th percentile among the peer group, which was above threshold and resulted in a performance share payout equal to 65 percent of target.

2017 - 2019 Long-Term Incentive Results
TSR Ranking Relative to Peer Companies
85th percentile
Superior
50th percentile
Target
Actual: à
36th percentile
30th percentile
Threshold


2019 Compensation Decisions
Our 2019 executive compensation program remained materially consistent with prior years.

The ECC based its compensation decisions on business factors and peer-company compensation data and pay-for-performance compensation analysis from Pearl Meyer, its independent compensation consultant. The ECC also considered each NEO's role, his or her performance, and other relevant factors, including the most recent shareholder advisory vote on executive compensation.

The ECC increased base salary for all NEOs in 2019, except Mr. Oachs, who had announced his intention to retire as of June 30, 2019. Ms. Owen's base salary increased by 20 percent in connection with her promotion to President, in recognition of her performance, and to bring her compensation closer to the market median. Mr. Hodnik, Mr. Adams, and Mr. Morris received base salary increases of 6 percent, 12 percent, and 6 percent, respectively, in recognition of their performance, and to bring their compensation closer to market. Ms. Johnson's base salary increased 20 percent in 2019, in connection with her promotion to Chief Administrative Officer.

The ECC increased annual target opportunities for the NEOs, except Mr. Hodnik and Mr. Oachs, and increased the long-term incentive target opportunities for Ms. Owen, Mr. Morris, and Ms. Johnson to reinforce the alignment of pay for performance and to bring total compensation closer to the market median.

29



Each of the NEOs listed below received an increase in 2019 to her or his annual incentive opportunity as shown:
2019
Target Annual Incentive Opportunity
(Percentage of Base Salary)
2018
Target Annual Incentive Opportunity
(Percentage of Base Salary)
Ms. Owen65%  50%  
Mr. Adams65%  60%  
Mr. Morris35%  30%  
Ms. Johnson45%  40%  

Each of the NEOs listed below received an increase in 2019 to her or his total target long-term incentive opportunity:
2019
Total Target Long-Term Incentive Opportunity
2018
Total Target Long-Term Incentive Opportunity
Ms. Owen$300,000$275,000
Mr. Morris$100,000$75,000

The total target long-term incentive opportunity Ms. Owen and Mr. Morris each received was divided with 75 percent of the increase ($18,750) allocated to PSAs and 25 percent ($6,250) allocated to RSUs.

In connection with her promotion in June 2019, the ECC determined that Ms. Johnson's target long-term incentive opportunity would increase, effective January 1, 2020, to $200,000 (as compared to $150,000 in 2019).

Although the changes described above better aligned the NEO's total compensation with that of ALLETE's peer companies, total compensation for all NEOs remained at or below the market median.


Shareholder Advisory Voting on Executive Compensation
Each year, shareholders cast an advisory vote on executive compensation, commonly known as a "say-on-pay." At the 2019 Annual Meeting, 96 percent of the votes cast by our shareholders were to approve the Company's 2018 executive compensation on an advisory basis.

We believe that this say-on-pay vote affirms our executive compensation philosophy and objectives. The ECC considers the result of the say-on-pay vote as it makes its compensation decisions and the most recent shareholder advisory approval was a factor in the ECC's decision not to make any fundamental changes to ALLETE's executive compensation program.

At the Company's 2017 Annual Meeting, shareholders supported the Company's recommendation to hold the advisory say-on-pay vote on an annual basis. We believe annual say-on-pay voting promotes shareholder awareness of executive compensation and allows shareholders to provide feedback on a regular basis. Annual say-on-pay voting is also consistent with ALLETE's desire to maintain effective relationships with our shareholders. We will hold a say-on-pay vote on an annual basis until the next advisory vote on the frequency of say-on-pay proposals.


30



COMPENSATION ELEMENTS SUMMARIZED: WHAT WE PAY AND WHY
ElementKey CharacteristicsWhy We Pay this ElementHow the Amount is Determined2019 Decisions and Outcomes
FIXED:Base SalaryCompetitive cash compensation.Helps attract and retain executive talent.We consider market data and other information from the ECC's independent compensation consultant, as well as experience, responsibilities, role within the executive group, and individual performance.NEO base salary increase:
Ms. Owen–20 percent;
Mr. Hodnik–6 percent;
Mr. Adams–12 percent;
Mr. Morris–6 percent; and
Ms. Johnson–20 percent
All increases reflected job performance and designed to bring base compensation closer to market median. For Ms. Owen and Ms. Johnson, increases were also associated with 2019 job promotions.
VARIABLE:Annual IncentivePayable in cash based on achievement of annual goals. In addition to financial targets, strategic and operational goals are linked to operational objectives and ALLETE's core values.Rewards achievement of annual financial, strategic, and operational and values goals.The ECC approves performance measures, targets, and individual award opportunities, sets terms, and has discretion to reduce, increase, or eliminate awards.ALLETE achieved above-target net income, near-target cash flow from operating activities, and above-threshold strategic and operational and values performance, resulting in an annual incentive payment equal to 94.9 percent of target
Long-term Incentive: PSAsPayable in Common Stock at the end of the performance period based on achieving
multi-year performance goals.
Coupled with RSUs, facilitates stock ownership, aligns the interests of executive officers with long-term shareholder value, and helps retain executive talent. PSA payment is determined by measuring ALLETE's TSR relative to peer companies' TSRs over a three-year period. Dividend equivalents shares are paid in connection with earned PSAs.
ALLETE TSR for the three-year performance period ending December 31, 2019, ranked 36th percentile among peer group, resulting in a payout equal to 65 percent of target.
Long-term Incentive: RSUsPayable in Common Stock at the time of vesting.Coupled with PSAs, facilitates stock ownership, aligns the interests of executive officers with long-term shareholder value, and helps retain executive talent. One RSU entitles the NEO to receive one share of Common Stock (and dividend equivalents) when the RSU vests at the end of a three-year period.RSUs granted in 2017 vested on December 31, 2019.

31



PROCESS FOR DETERMINING EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Role of the Compensation Committee
The ECC establishes our executive compensation philosophy and objectives and oversees the administration of our executive compensation programs. The ECC sets the CEO's compensation, which is reviewed and ratified by the Board without the CEO's participation. In setting the CEO's compensation, the ECC considers the Board's annual evaluation of the CEO's performance, which assesses, among other things, performance relative to annual objectives established by the Board. The ECC also compares the CEO's compensation to the compensation of CEOs at other investor-owned electric utilities. Compensation benchmarking data is adjusted for the Company's size as measured by revenue and provides a market context for the ECC's decisions. The ECC also approves the compensation of the other NEOs after considering the CEO's recommendations regarding such compensation.

At the beginning of the year, the ECC, with the CEO, establishes performance goals and measures, award dates, performance or vesting periods, and forfeiture provisions for annual and long-term incentive awards.

As part of our ongoing commitment to monitor pay-for-performance alignment, in October 2019, the ECC reviewed Pearl Meyer's 2018 pay-for-performance analysis, which confirmed our view that our executive compensation programs are linked to performance, balanced, fair, competitive, and contain mainstream provisions.


Role of Management
The CEO recommends compensation for all other NEOs to the ECC for approval. Recommendations are based, in part, on each NEO's experience and responsibility level and the CEO's assessment of his or her performance. The CEO works with each NEO at the beginning of the year to identify individual goals that are aligned with strategic objectives within each NEO's scope of responsibility. The CEO reviews each NEO's performance during the year regarding accomplishments, areas of strength, and areas for development. The CEO bases his evaluation on a written self-assessment completed by each NEO, the CEO's knowledge of his or her accomplishments, and discussions with each NEO. The CEO's recommendation is also based on the executive compensation studies described on the following page. The CEO also recommends to the ECC financial and non-financial performance measures under the Company's incentive compensation plans.


Compensation Consultant Independence
The ECC's independent compensation consulting firm for 2019 was Pearl Meyer. Pearl Meyer is engaged by, and reports directly to, the ECC. The ECC has the sole authority to hire or terminate its compensation consultant. It is the ECC's policy that its Chair pre-approve any additional services its independent compensation consultant performs for management. The ECC reviewed and confirmed Pearl Meyer's independence in 2019.


32



Executive Compensation Studies
Annually, the ECC reviews the peer group that ALLETE uses for compensation benchmarking purposes. Compensation benchmarking is based on published salary surveys and proxy statement data from compensation benchmarking peer companies. Because there is a strong correlation between executive compensation pay levels and company size, the ECC compares executive pay levels with those at companies that are similar in size to ALLETE as measured by market capitalization and revenue. For this reason, ALLETE's compensation peer group was made up of a subset of companies in the EEI Index in 2018 that are used for TSR comparison purposes. Even within this subset, however, the companies range in size significantly. Accordingly, the compensation data is size adjusted to establish appropriate market compensation comparisons for ALLETE. The ECC approved the following 15-company peer group for 2019:
Compensation Benchmarking Peer Group
Alliant Energy CorporationIDACORP, Inc.Otter Tail Corporation
Avista CorporationMDU Resources Group, Inc.PNM Resources, Inc.
Black Hills CorporationMGE Energy, Inc.Portland General Electric Company
El Paso Electric CompanyNorthWestern CorporationUnitil Corporation
Hawaiian Electric Industries, Inc.OGE Energy Corp.Vectren Corporation

During 2018, Great Plains Energy Incorporated and Westar Energy, Inc. merged to create Evergy, Inc. Based on its revenue size after the merger, Evergy, Inc. was no longer included in ALLETE's compensation benchmarking peer group. With companies removed from the peer group, MDU Resources Group, Inc. was added to maintain a comparison group size that was aligned with Pearl Meyer's recommendation.

In October 2018, the ECC directed Pearl Meyer to conduct two compensation benchmarking studies for ALLETE: one for the CEO and another for the other NEOs. These studies provided the basis for compensation recommendations made in 2019.

The CEO benchmarking study compared Mr. Hodnik's compensation to an external market using size-adjusted data from published surveys and compensation data disclosed in the proxy statements of the 15-company peer group. The study also analyzed CEO pay-for-performance practices and effectiveness. The Pearl Meyer report indicated that the elements of Mr. Hodnik's compensation were comparable to market and well balanced. The report further indicated that Mr. Hodnik's base salary was aligned with the 25th percentile, while target total cash compensation and target total direct compensation were between the 25th and 50th percentile of the market range.

Pearl Meyer's analysis compared the other NEOs' base salaries and annual and long-term target incentive opportunities to market data using the same survey sources and proxy statement data used in the CEO analysis. The Pearl Meyer report indicated that total direct compensation for the other NEOs was below the market median. The report also indicated that base salaries were below market for all NEOs, except Mr. Morris and Mr. Oachs, both of whom were at market. Target total cash compensation and long-term incentive opportunities were below market median for all NEOs, except Mr. Morris and Mr. Oachs, both of whom were at market.

Based on these independent executive compensation studies, the ECC made the following determinations for 2019: (1) the NEOs' compensation includes appropriate elements; (2) base salary, annual incentive target opportunity, and LTIP target opportunity should be increased for Ms. Owen, Mr. Morris, and Ms. Johnson; (3) base salary should be increased for Mr. Hodnik; and (4) base salary and annual incentive target opportunity should be increased for Mr. Adams.


33



HOW WE LINK EXECUTIVE PAY TO PERFORMANCE

A significant portion of our NEOs' compensation is tied to Company performance. Annual incentives focus on achieving annual financial, strategic, and operational and values goals. Long-term incentives reward long-term profitability and facilitate stock ownership, as well as provide an incentive to remain employed with the Company.

Total compensation generally increases as position and responsibility increase; at the same time, a greater percentage of total compensation is tied to performance, and therefore at risk, as reflected in our NEOs' annual and long-term incentive opportunities.

We consider market data and Pearl Meyer's advice in setting executive compensation. We establish market ranges for our NEOs' compensation using investor-owned electric utilities data. In setting individual compensation, we consider experience in the position, performance, job responsibilities, and relative role among the executive management group. If market data were insufficient to establish a range for a specific position, we would also consider internal equity among our NEOs, taking into account the relative responsibilities for that position.

We generally set compensation so that when target performance is achieved under the Company's incentive compensation plans, total compensation is near the market median of ALLETE's compensation peer group. Consistent with our pay-for-performance philosophy, NEOs earn higher compensation when actual performance exceeds target goals. Conversely, when the Company does not meet target goals, total compensation will generally fall below the median.

2019 total compensation opportunity for the NEOs was divided between base salary and incentive opportunities. The charts below illustrate the breakdown of compensation elements expressed as a percentage of total target compensation:
https://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-chart-1763aea57a0a4cf5b891.jpghttps://cdn.kscope.io/ef276033bdab53e6ddc5adf406f8e650-chart-f96edc1c15f2441facb1.jpg
The chart on the right reflects an average for all NEOs except Mr. Hodnik of the percentage of total target compensation that is represented by each compensation element. For both charts, total target compensation is calculated using the NEOs' 2019 target opportunities for annual and long-term incentives and his or her base salary as of December 31, 2019.

34



Annual Incentive Awards
At the beginning of each year, the ECC, with the CEO, approves performance measures and targets for the annual incentive awards, as well as individual target award opportunities. The ECC has discretion to establish the terms of annual incentive awards and also the ability to reduce, increase, or eliminate awards, regardless of whether applicable performance goals have been achieved. The ECC sets annual incentive opportunity levels for our NEOs such that if the Company achieves target goals, the combination of salary and annual incentives will result in total cash compensation near the market median for ALLETE's compensation peer group.
2019 Annual Incentive Target Opportunities
Annual Incentive Target Opportunity as a
Percentage of Base Salary
Ms. Owen1
56.25%  
Mr. Hodnik100%  
Mr. Adams65%  
Mr. Morris35%  
Ms. Johnson2
42.5%  
Mr. Oachs50%  
Ms. Owen's total 2019 target opportunity was prorated with 7/12 at 50% and 5/12 at 65%, resulting in an average of 56.25%.
2  Ms. Johnson's total 2019 target opportunity was prorated with 6/12 at 40% and 6/12 at 45%, resulting in an average of 42.5%.

The 2019 annual incentive performance goals, weighting, and measures, applicable to all NEOs, were as follows:
ALLETE Annual Incentive Performance Goals, Weighting, and Measures
Performance Goals
Weighting
Measures
Threshold
Target
Superior
Net Income1
50%  $155.2 million$172.4 million$189.6 million
Cash from Operating Activities2
25%  $242.5 million$269.4 million$296.3 million
Strategic
15%  Described below.
Operational and Values10%  
Threshold net income was set at 90 percent of the Company's budgeted net income, target was set at budget, and superior was set at 110 percent of budget. Net income for annual incentive calculation purposes is described in more detail below.
Threshold cash from operating activities goal was set at 90 percent of the Company's budgeted cash from operating activities; target goal was set at budget, and superior goal was set at 110 percent of budget. Cash from operating activities for annual incentive calculation purposes is described in more detail below.

35



ALLETE Annual Incentive Financial Goals
The 2019 annual incentive financial measures, established at the beginning of the 2019 plan year, were net income (weighted at 50%) and cash from operating activities (weighted at 25%). The ECC selected net income because it is a widely-used financial performance measure that reflects the combination of revenue generation and expense management. Cash from operating activities was selected because it indicates the Company's ability to generate funds internally for capital projects, to repay debt, and to pay dividends and interest. Both measures also can affect the Company's stock price.

ALLETE Net Income. For annual incentive purposes, net income means Net Income Attributable to ALLETE adjusted to exclude: (1) net income associated with ALLETE Properties and (2) gains and other net income impacts related to U.S. Water Services. The Compensation Committee established these adjustments at the beginning of the performance period

Cash from Operating Activities. For annual incentive purposes, cash from operating activities means Cash from Operating Activities adjusted to exclude: (1) cash associated with ALLETE Properties and U.S. Water Services operations and (2) a pension contribution made in cash. The Compensation Committee established these adjustments at the beginning of the performance period.

ALLETE Annual Incentive Strategic Goals and Operational and Values Goals
ALLETE's 2019 strategic goals were to retain customers and grow regulated operations, to advance next generation sustainability, and to modernize customer experiences.

Operational and values goals are linked to operational objectives and ALLETE's core values: integrity, safety, employee growth, community engagement, and environmental stewardship. Our 2019 operational and values goals were designed to demonstrate continuous safety improvement, as well as ALLETE's commitment to the environment and customer service as measured by goals relating to safety leading and lagging indicators, environmental stewardship, and system reliability.

The operational goal focused on system reliability and was measured by the System Average Interruption Duration Index and System Average Interruption Frequency Index relative to the EEI utilities' three-year average results. The safety goal included tracking the number and severity of incidents recorded with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, while also implementing proactive safety measures designed to support "zero injury" efforts. An employee fatality, or a willful disregard of environmental, reliability, or any Federal Energy Regulatory Commission regulation or standard, would have resulted in a reduction to or non-payout for this goal.

The ECC reviews the allocation between financial and strategic and operational goals each year. For 2019, our strategic goals and our operational and values goals represented a combined 25 percent of the overall opportunity and their achievement was measured independently of the financial goals. Therefore, it would have been possible to earn an annual incentive payout based on achieving strategic and operational and values goals even if financial goals had not been met.

The CEO, with input from senior management, reports the progress made on strategic goals and operational and value goals to the ECC. The ECC then determines the extent to which performance targets have been achieved.


36



2019 Annual Incentive Results
The NEOs earned 94.9% percent of their 2019 target annual incentive opportunity (compared to 115.2 percent in 2018).

As disclosed in ALLETE's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Net Income Attributable to ALLETE for the year ended December 31, 2019, was $185.6 million (compared to $174.1 million for 2018). Cash from Operating Activities was $249.5 million (compared to $433.1 million for 2018). Annual incentives also reward strategic and operational accomplishments.

For annual incentive purposes, the financial goals are designated at the beginning of the plan year to be adjusted using specified resets and exclusions. 2019 net income was adjusted to exclude net income associated with ALLETE Properties (decreased by $0.3 million) and gains and other impacts to net income related to U.S. Water Services (decreased by $10.5 million). After these exclusions, 2019 net income for annual incentive purposes was slightly above target at $174.8 million. 2019 cash from operating activities was adjusted to exclude cash associated with ALLETE Properties operations (increased by $0.3 million), cash associated with U.S. Water Services (decreased by $2.2 million), and a cash pension plan contribution (increased by $10.4 million). After these exclusions, 2019 cash from operating activities for annual incentive purposes was slightly below target at $261.8 million.

ALLETE's strategic and operational and values goals were achieved at a combined level that fell between threshold and target.
The ALLETE annual incentive results were calculated as follows:
2019 ALLETE Annual Incentive Payout
Performance Goal
Weighting
Unweighted Results
Payout1
Net Income
50%  114.0%  57.0%  
Cash from Operating Activities25%  88.8%  22.2%  
Strategic Goals15%  83.3%  12.5%  
Operational and Values Goals10%  32.0%  3.2%  
Total100%  94.9%  
Payout is expressed as a percentage of the NEO's annual incentive target opportunity.

The ECC believes that the annual incentive provides appropriate motivation and does not encourage excessive business risks because it has multiple goals that align with the objectives of different stakeholders (e.g., shareholders, customers, regulators, and employees). The annual incentive provides payment opportunity levels that are market-competitive, and includes a cap on the maximum award amount.

Long-Term Incentive Awards: PSAs and RSUs
We use long-term incentive compensation to reward executives for achieving business objectives that are designed to grow long-term shareholder value. The time-vesting and forfeiture provisions associated with long-term incentive compensation also encourage NEOs to stay with the Company. Long-term incentive compensation elements consist of PSAs and RSUs.

The ECC grants the PSAs and RSUs under the LTIP in January of each year. Although the ECC can make additional grants at other times of the year, it did not do so in 2019 for any NEO. We do not time equity awards to the release of material, non-public information. ECC meeting schedules are generally set six months prior to the start of the calendar year.


37



Performance Share Awards (PSAs)
PSAs reward executives for multi-year performance, measured by ALLETE's TSR relative to a group of peer companies. The ECC selected relative TSR because it measures the value shareholders realize from their investment in Common Stock as compared to investment opportunities available in comparable companies. Rewarding executives for creating long-term shareholder value further links pay to performance.

The performance period begins on the first day of the first calendar month in the period. The amount of the payment with respect to any award is determined at the end of the three-year period.

In 2019, NEOs were granted PSAs for the three-year performance period beginning on January 1, 2019, and ending on December 31, 2021.

For all performance periods that include 2019 performance (2017-2019, 2018-2020, and 2019-2021), ALLETE's TSR was or will be compared to the TSR of a peer group made up of the companies in the EEI Stock Index. The ECC believes that the companies comprising the EEI Stock Index reflect comparable investment alternatives available to shareholders. The specific peer group we use is the companies in the EEI Stock Index as of December 31 of the last year in each three-year performance period that have been in the EEI Stock Index for at least three full years as of that date.

The EEI Stock Index companies as of December 31, 2019, based on information published as of that date, were as follows:
TSR Peer Group Companies*
Alliant Energy CorporationEl Paso Electric CompanyOGE Energy Corp.
Ameren CorporationEntergy CorporationOtter Tail Corporation
American Electric Power CompanyEvergy, Inc.PG&E Corporation
Avangrid, Inc.Eversource EnergyPinnacle West Capital Corporation
Avista CorporationExelon CorporationPNM Resources, Inc.
Black Hills CorporationFirstEnergy Corp.Portland General Electric Company
CenterPoint Energy, Inc.Hawaiian Electric Industries, Inc.PPL Corporation
CMS Energy CorporationIDACORP, Inc.Public Service Enterprise Group, Inc.
Consolidated Edison, Inc.MDU Resources Group, Inc.Sempra Energy
Dominion Energy, Inc.MGE Energy, Inc.The Southern Company
DTE Energy CompanyNextEra Energy, Inc.Unitil Corporation
Duke Energy CorporationNiSource, Inc.WEC Energy Group, Inc.
Edison InternationalNorthWestern CorporationXcel Energy Inc.
* Companies can be dropped from or added to the EEI Stock Index during the performance period due to mergers or other activities. If a company is dropped from the EEI Stock Index during the performance period, no information related to that company will be included in the performance calculation. A company that is newly added to the EEI Stock Index after the start of the performance period also will be excluded from the performance calculation. If a company in the EEI Stock Index at the beginning of a performance period undergoes a corporate restructuring during the performance period and the company remains in the EEI Stock Index following the transaction, the company will be included in the performance calculation. During 2017, The Empire District Electric Company was dropped. During 2018, two companies in the EEI Stock Index Great Plains Energy Incorporated and Westar Energy, Inc. merged to create Evergy, Inc. During 2019, SCANA Corporation merged with Dominion Energy, Inc., and Vectren Corporation merged with CenterPoint Energy, Inc.


38



During the three-year performance period ending on December 31, 2019, ALLETE's shareholders realized a TSR of 38.2 percent, ranking us in the 36th percentile of the company peer group and resulting in payout of 65 percent of target.

Restricted Stock Units (RSUs)
RSUs are used as a retention incentive and to encourage stock ownership. One RSU entitles the grantee to receive one share of Common Stock and accrued dividend equivalents after the RSU vests at the end of a three-year period.

The table below shows 2019 long-term incentive target opportunities for the NEOs. The target opportunities were allocated 75 percent to PSAs and 25 percent to RSUs. The Company retains Mercer to calculate the estimated fair value of a PSA, which reflects a modeled probability of achieving the performance goals, employing a Monte-Carlo simulation model that uses an underlying Black-Scholes methodology. The target number of PSAs is determined by dividing each NEO's target award
opportunity—shown in the table below—by $84.50, the estimated fair value of a PSA as of
December 31, 2018. The number of RSUs granted to the NEOs was calculated using a per-share value of $76.22, the closing price for Common Stock on December 31, 2018.
Long-Term Incentive Target Opportunities for 2019–2021 Performance Period
Total Target Opportunity
Allocation of Long-Term Incentive
Plan Target Opportunity
PSAs% of Total Target OpportunityRSUs% of Total Target Opportunity
Ms. Owen$300,0002,663  75%  984  25%  
Mr. Hodnik$1,250,00011,095  75%  4,100  25%  
Mr. Adams$350,0003,107  75%  1,148  25%  
Mr. Morris$100,000888  75%  328  25%  
Ms. Johnson$150,0001,331  75%  492  25%  
Mr. Oachs$300,0002,663  75%  984  25%  

The ECC has discretion to reduce or eliminate awards, whether or not performance goals have been achieved, but does not have discretion to increase awards beyond the performance that is achieved. The ECC did not exercise discretion to reduce or eliminate LTIP awards during 2019.
39



OTHER GUIDELINES, POLICIES, BENEFITS, AND PRACTICES

Executive Stock Ownership Guidelines
We believe NEOs should be ALLETE shareholders to encourage them to act as owners and focus on long-term, sustained performance when making business decisions. We use Common Stock to fund the NEO's long-term incentive compensation and a portion of the Company's contribution to the NEOs' tax-qualified, defined-contribution retirement savings plan accounts.

NEOs are expected to own Common Stock in accordance with the share ownership guidelines that have been established by the Corporate Governance Committee as discussed on page 22. The applicable share ownership guidelines are as follows:
Executive Stock Ownership Guidelines
PositionStock Ownership Value as Multiple of Base Salary
Chief Executive Officer
5X
Executive Chairman
3X
Chief Financial Officer
3X
Other NEOs1X

NEOs are expected to meet the applicable stock ownership guideline within seven years after first becoming subject to the stock ownership guidelines. An NEO who is promoted to a position with a higher stock ownership expectation has five years from the promotion to meet his or her new guideline. At least annually, the Corporate Governance Committee reviews Common Stock ownership to confirm that the NEOs have met or are making reasonable progress toward their stock ownership guidelines.
The Corporate Governance Committee may, on a case-by-case basis, make adjustments to stock ownership guidelines to fit a particular situation.

Each NEO has met his or her stock ownership guideline or is making reasonable progress toward meeting the guideline. Common Stock ownership levels as of March 13, 2020, and how ownership is measured against stock ownership guidelines as of March 13, 2020, are shown in the table on page xx.


Compensation Recovery Policy
Our Compensation Recovery Policy, sometimes called a clawback policy, allows ALLETE to recover incentive payments and other forms of compensation from NEOs if any of the following events occur:
Financial restatement. In the event of an accounting restatement due to material non-compliance with financial reporting rules, we can recover any excess payments made pursuant to the AIP or the LTIP in the three-year period prior to the date on which the Company is required to prepare the restatement.
Error. In the event of a material error in the measurement of performance criteria, we can recover any excess payments made pursuant to the AIP or the LTIP during the three years prior to the discovery of the error.
Misconduct. If an NEO engages in criminal behavior or work-related dishonesty, we can recover any AIP awards, LTIP awards, and bonuses that were paid during and subsequent to the period of misconduct.



40



Pledging, Hedging, and Short Sales by NEOs Prohibited
NEOs are prohibited from holding Common Stock in a margin account or otherwise entering into any pledge arrangement that would permit a third party to sell the securities without the NEO's consent or knowledge. In addition, no NEO may enter into any transaction that allows him or her to be insulated from the full risk or reward of Common Stock ownership (i.e., hedging) nor may an NEO enter into any transaction that allows him or her to benefit from the devaluation of the Common Stock (i.e., short sale).


Retirement and Other Broad-Based Benefits
We provide benefits, including retirement benefits, to attract and retain executive talent. Retirement benefits also reward long-term service with the Company. NEOs are eligible for retirement benefits under the same plans available to other eligible employees. They are also eligible for supplemental retirement benefits under our supplemental executive retirement plans.

NEOs are also eligible to participate in a range of broad-based employee benefits, including vacation pay, sick pay, disability benefits, a flexible compensation plan, an employee stock purchase plan, group term life insurance, and both active and post-retirement health benefits.

Tax-Qualified Retirement Benefits
We provide retirement benefits to NEOs from two primary sources: (1) the RSOP, a
defined-contribution retirement savings and stock ownership plan, and (2) traditional defined benefit pension plans. The RSOP has features of both an employee stock ownership plan and a 401(k) savings plan. These retirement benefits are intended to be tax-qualified. Since October 2006, we have emphasized delivering nonunion retirement benefits through the RSOP; only the NEOs' service through September 30, 2006 will be counted as credited service for calculating his or her benefit under the pension plans. In 2018, after assessing Company cost competitiveness and reviewing benefits benchmarking, the Company froze its nonunion pension plan benefits; no earnings after November 30, 2018 will be considered for calculating the NEO's pension benefits. The present value of each NEO's pension benefits as of December 31, 2019, is shown in the Pension Benefits table on page 51. The 2019 increase in the pension benefits value for each NEO is included in column (g) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45.

NEOs may elect to defer salary into the RSOP up to the limits imposed by the Tax Code and the RSOP. In addition, we contribute to the NEOs' RSOP accounts a matching contribution of up to four percent of base salary, plus an annual Company contribution of between 8.5 percent and 11.5 percent of base salary, depending on the NEO's age. Amounts contributed by the Company to the NEOs under the RSOP are included in column (h) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45.


Supplemental Executive Retirement Benefits
We provide supplemental retirement benefits to the NEOs through the SERP, our non-tax-qualified retirement plan. Generally, the SERP is designed to provide retirement benefits to the NEOs that, in the aggregate, substantially equal the benefits they would have been entitled to receive if the Tax Code did not limit the types and amounts of compensation that can be considered under tax-qualified benefit plans. Providing SERP benefits is also a recruiting and retention strategy for executive talent because it provides additional retirement planning opportunities.

The SERP has three components: a supplemental pension benefit, a supplemental defined contribution benefit, and a deferral account benefit. The SERP benefits are discussed in more detail starting on page 53.

41




Perquisites
The Company gives executives limited perquisites. Perquisites are tailored to the individual NEO, take into account business purpose, and may include: club memberships; reimbursement for financial and tax planning services; identity theft coverage; office parking spaces; approved travel, meal, and entertainment expenses for spouses; and executive physicals. As required by the Tax Code, we impute income to the NEOs for reimbursement of personal expenses; we provide no tax gross-ups for this imputed income.

The ECC has reviewed all perquisites and determined that they are a minimal component of total compensation and facilitate the NEOs' performance of their job responsibilities. In 2019, each NEO received less than $10,000 in perquisites.


Severance Benefits
We have no employment agreements with any of our NEOs. Under the CIC Severance Plan, NEOs could receive severance benefits in connection with a change in control of the Company. The CIC Severance Plan would provide benefits in the event of an involuntary termination of employment (or resignation following certain unfavorable changes made to an NEO's duties, compensation, or benefits) occurring within six months before, or up to two years after, a change in control. The CIC Severance Plan is designed to encourage executives to remain dedicated and objective when evaluating transactions that could result in a loss of employment in connection with a potential change in control and to minimize the risk that executives would depart prior to a change in control. The ECC believes that the most effective way to accomplish these objectives is to require both a change in control and termination of employment before severance benefits are paid. This ensures that NEOs would not receive severance benefits unless they are adversely affected by a change in control.

The CIC Severance Plan would provide each NEO, except Mr. Morris and Ms. Johnson, with a lump-sum severance payment equal to two and one-half times annual cash compensation. Mr. Oachs' eligibility for benefits under the CIC Severance Pay Plan ended upon his retirement in June 2019. The CIC Severance Plan would provide Mr. Morris and Ms. Johnson each with a lump-sum severance payment equal to two times their annual cash compensation. The CIC Severance Plan also contains a modified payment cap whereby the payment would be reduced below the Tax Code Section 280G safe harbor amount if that would result in a greater after-tax amount to the NEO than the after-tax amount that would be retained if the Company paid an unreduced benefit subject to the excise tax. We provide no tax gross-up in connection with any severance payments. As it does each year, the ECC reviewed the terms of the CIC Severance Plan in 2019 in consultation with Pearl Meyer. The ECC believes that the CIC Severance Plan is in line with market practice.

The SERP II includes a change in control provision that accelerates payment of the supplemental executive retirement benefits and deferral account benefits, earned after December 31, 2004, upon a termination of employment in connection with a change in control. There are also change in control features in both the AIP and the LTIP. The change in control features in the SERP II, the AIP, and the LTIP are designed to protect NEOs from losing benefits on account of a change in control.

The potential value of the change in control severance benefits is discussed more fully in the “Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control” section starting on page 56.



42



Tax and Accounting Considerations
We attempt to structure the NEOs' compensation in a manner that maximizes the Company's ability to recognize tax-deductions. Section 162(m) of the Tax Code limits to $1 million the amount of compensation that we may deduct in any year with respect to our NEOs and any other employee who was a covered employee for Section 162(m) purposes for any preceding taxable year. For periods before 2018, that limit did not apply to “performance-based compensation” within the meaning of Section 162(m). Recognizing the need to maintain flexibility in administering our executive compensation program, and the recent changes in the tax law, the ECC has the authority to approve compensation that may not be tax deductible.

Section 280G of the Tax Code limits the amount that we may deduct for payments in connection with a change in control, commonly referred to as “parachute payments." If total payments in connection with a change in control exceed the Section 280G limits, the Company's deduction would be limited and the recipient's parachute payments would be subject to an excise tax. The CIC Severance Plan has a modified severance payment cap that limits payments to a level below the safe harbor amount provided by Tax Code Section 280G if the NEO would retain a greater after-tax amount than the after-tax amount that would be retained if the Company paid an unreduced benefit that was subject to the excise tax.

In addition to tax deductibility, we also consider the accounting implications of each compensation element. Because the primary objectives of our compensation programs are tied to performance, however, the ECC may design a compensation structure regardless of whether it qualifies for a tax deduction or more favorable accounting treatment if deemed in the Company's best interest. We do not provide tax gross-ups on payments to NEOs, except in connection with relocation expenses covered under the Company's broad-based relocation policy.

43



COMPENSATION COMMITTEE REPORT
________________________________________________________________


The Compensation Committee has reviewed the CD&A and discussed it with management. Based upon such review and the related discussions, the Compensation Committee has recommended to the Board that the CD&A be included in this Proxy Statement and ALLETE's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

March 18, 2020

Compensation Committee
Robert P. Powers, Chair
Madeleine W. Ludlow
Susan K. Nestegard
Heidi E. Jimmerson, ex officio

44



EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION TABLES
________________________________________________________________

The following table sets forth information for the last three fiscal years. Information for fiscal years 2017 and 2018 is not provided for Mr. Morris and Ms. Johnson because neither was an NEO prior to fiscal year 2019.


Summary Compensation Table–2019
(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)(f)(g)(h)(i)
Name and
Principal Position1
Year
Salary
Bonus2
Stock
Awards3
Non-Equity
Incentive
Plan
Compensation4
Change in
Pension
Value5
All Other
Compensation6
Total
Bethany M. Owen2019$337,450—  $267,311$190,388$141,691$73,432$1,010,272
President and CEO2018$295,888—  $284,088$169,779$49,454$52,732$851,941
2017$268,956—  $203,404$140,421$45,838$43,309$701,928
Alan R. Hodnik2019$667,933—  $1,113,733$634,743$2,093,019$196,586$4,706,014
Executive Chairman2018$633,421—  $1,291,261$726,906$709,665$132,205$3,493,458
2017$623,574—  $1,130,234$729,626$868,081$112,568$3,464,083
Robert J. Adams2019$390,626$40,000$311,875$247,087$557,208$97,669$1,644,465
Senior Vice President and2018$357,870—  $361,578$246,413$175,938$71,332$1,213,131
CFO2017$327,456—  $248,653$212,296$200,894$51,177$1,040,476
Steven W. Morris2019$278,543$25,000$89,128$93,545$86,415$61,114$633,745
Vice President, Chief
Accounting Officer, and
Controller
Nicole R. Johnson2019$241,099$25,000$133,619$104,266$43,598$47,570$595,152
Vice President and Chief
Administrative Officer
Bradley W. Oachs2019$257,810—  $267,311$90,358$124,226205,891  $945,596
Retired Senior Vice President2018$381,090—  $309,947$219,373$225,305$71,868$1,207,583
and President Regulated2017$351,870—  $226,059$194,400$226,991$63,311$1,062,631
Operations

1 The principal positions shown above are as of March 13, 2020. Ms. Owen was elected CEO effective February 3, 2020. Ms. Owen has served as President since January 31, 2019. Prior to her election as President, Ms. Owen served as ALLETE's Senior Vice President, Chief Legal and Administrative Officer, and Secretary, positions she had held since 2016. Mr. Hodnik became Executive Chairman effective February 3, 2020. From January 31, 2019 to February 2020, Mr. Hodnik served as Chairman and CEO. Prior to January 2019, Mr. Hodnik had served as ALLETE's Chairman, President, and CEO since 2011. Ms. Johnson was named Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer on June 28, 2019. Prior to June 28, 2019, Ms. Johnson was Vice President–Human Resources, a position she had held since 2016. Mr. Oachs retired as of June 30, 2019.
The amounts in column (d) represent discretionary cash bonuses paid to Mr. Adams, Mr. Morris, and Ms. Johnson on May 3, 2019 in connection with their roles in the sale of U.S. Water Services.
3 The amounts shown in column (e) represent the actuarial value of the future payout, but are not amounts that were paid to the NEOs in the year reported. The actual amount that an NEO will earn will depend on the extent to which long-term incentive goals are achieved and on the then-current market price of Common Stock. The actual value each NEO realized in 2019 from stock awards in prior years is shown in the "Option Exercises and Stock Vested" table on page 51. The amounts
45



in column (e) relate to PSA and RSU opportunities awarded to the NEOs during 2019. The amounts shown reflect the grant date fair value determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles under ASC 718, using the same assumptions used in the valuation of compensation expenses disclosed in Note 13 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements contained in ALLETE's 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, but based on a modeled probability of reaching performance goals and excluding the effect of estimated forfeitures. This estimated value was calculated by our consultant Mercer using a Monte-Carlo simulation model that used an underlying Black-Scholes methodology. The grant date fair value is the total amount that we will recognize as an expense over the awards' vesting period, except that the amounts shown do not include a reduction for forfeitures. The amounts shown in column (e) for 2019 are comprised of the following:

RSUsPSAs*
Bethany M. Owen$74,243$193,068
Alan R. Hodnik$309,345$804,388
Robert J. Adams$86,617$225,258
Steven W. Morris$24,748$64,380
Nicole R. Johnson$37,121$96,498
Bradley W. Oachs$74,243$193,068
* The maximum grant date fair value for each NEO's unearned 2019 PSAs, assuming the highest level of performance were to be achieved, is as follows: Ms. Owen—$386,136, Mr. Hodnik—$1,608,776, Mr. Adams—$450,516, Mr. Morris—$128,760, Ms. Johnson—$192,996, and Mr. Oachs—$386,136.
4 The amounts in column (f) reflect annual incentive awards earned in 2019 and paid in 2020. The amounts shown include any portion of the award that was deferred at the NEO's election. Mr. Oachs' award was prorated to reflect his retirement as of June 30, 2019.
The amounts shown in column (g) represent the actuarial increase during 2019 in the value of retirement benefits earned by each NEO under our retirement plans, which are described in detail beginning on page 52, and were not paid to the NEOs in the year reported.
6 The amounts in column (h) for 2019 are comprised of the following:
Company RSOP Contributions, Flexible Compensation Benefits, and Life Insurance PremiumsCompany Contributions
Under SERP II
Acceleration of Outstanding Equity Awards in Connection with Retirement*
Bethany M. Owen$41,396$32,036—  
Alan R. Hodnik$51,537$145,049—  
Robert J. Adams$49,962$47,707—  
Steven W. Morris$48,975$12,139—  
Nicole R. Johnson$34,745$12,825—  
Bradley W. Oachs$45,151$28,519$132,221
*  Mr. Oachs retired as of June 30, 2019, resulting in an accelerated vesting of the following outstanding RSU grants: 885 RSUs granted in January 2017, 535 RSUs granted in January 2018, and 169 RSUs granted in January 2019. Dividend equivalent shares also vested in connection with each grant. Mr. Oachs' receipt of these shares was subject to a non-elective, six-month deferral. The value of the accelerated vesting was calculated by multiplying the exact (non-rounded) number of shares acquired on vesting by the closing price of Common Stock on June 28, 2019.




46




The following Grants of Plan-Based Awards table shows the range of each NEO's annual and long-term incentive award opportunities granted for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The narrative following the table describes the terms of each incentive award.

Grants of Plan-Based Awards–2019
(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)(f)(g)(h)(i)(j)
 Name and
 Award Type1
Grant
Date
Estimated Possible Payouts
Under Non-Equity
Incentive Plan Awards2
Estimated Future Payouts
Under Equity
Incentive Plan Awards
All Other
Stock Awards:
Number of
Shares of
Stock or Units
Grant Date
Fair Value
of Stock
and Option
Awards3
Threshold
($)
Target
($)
Maximum
($)
Threshold
(#)
Target
(#)
Maximum (#)
Bethany M. Owen
Annual Incentive01/30/19$80,247$178,327$356,654—  —  —  —  —  
Annual Incentive07/23/19$10,032$22,293$44,585—  —  —  —  —  
PSAs01/30/19—  —  —  1,332  2,663  5,326  —  $193,068
RSUs01/30/19—  —  —  —  —  —  984  $74,243
Alan R. Hodnik
Annual Incentive01/30/19$300,985$668,855$1,337,710—  —  —  —  —  
PSAs01/30/19—  —  —  5,548  11,095  22,190  —  $804,388
RSUs01/30/19—  —  —  —  —  —  4,100  $309,345
Robert J. Adams
Annual Incentive01/30/19$117,165$260,366$520,732—  —  —  —  —  
PSAs01/30/19—  —  —  1,554  3,107  6,214  —  $225,258
RSUs01/30/19—  —  —  —  —  —  1,148  $86,617
Steven W. Morris
Annual Incentive01/30/19$44,357$98,572$197,144—  —  —  —  —  
PSAs01/30/19—  —  —  444  888  1,776  —  $64,380
RSUs01/30/19—  —  —  —  —  —  328  $24,748
Nicole R. Johnson
Annual Incentive01/30/19$46,533$103,407$206,814—  —  —  —  —  
Annual Incentive06/28/19$2,908$6,463$12,926—  —  —  —  —  
PSAs01/30/19—  —  —  666  1,331  2,662  —  $96,498
RSUs01/30/19—  —  —  —  —  —  492  $37,121
Bradley W. Oachs
Annual Incentive4
01/30/19$85,693$190,428$380,856—  —  —  —  —  
PSAs5
01/30/19—  —  —  1,332  2,663  5,326  —  $193,068
RSUs6
01/30/19—  —  —  —  —  —  984  $74,243
For all NEOs, 2019 annual incentive awards were made under the AIP, and PSAs and RSUs were granted under the LTIP.
Actual awards earned are shown in column (f) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45.
Reflect the grant date fair value determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles under ASC 718, using the same assumptions used in the valuation of compensation expense disclosed in Note 13 to the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the 2019 Annual Report on Form10-K, but based on a modeled probability of reaching performance goals and excluding the effect of estimated forfeitures. Amounts shown for PSAs and RSUs are the values of the awards for accounting purposes. The value an NEO realizes from performance shares will depend on actual Common Stock performance relative to the peer company group, discussed on page 38 and the market price of Common Stock. The value an NEO realizes from RSUs depends on the market value of Common Stock at the time of vesting.
Calculated as of the grant date and assumed that Mr. Oachs would remain employed for all of 2019. Mr. Oachs' actual award, shown in column (f) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45, was based on actual 2019 results but prorated to reflect his retirement as of June 30, 2019.
Calculated as of the grant date and assumed that Mr. Oachs would remain employed for the full performance period.
Calculated as of the grant date and assumed that Mr. Oachs would remain employed for the full RSU vesting period.
        Mr. Oachs retired as of June 30, 2019, resulting in an accelerated vesting of outstanding RSU grants and dividend equivalent shares associated with those grants. Mr. Oachs' receipt of these shares was subject to a non-elective, six-month deferral. Amounts he received are included in column (h) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45.
47



GRANTS OF PLAN-BASED AWARDS DISCUSSION
________________________________________________________________

NEOs received incentive awards in 2019 consisting of annual incentive opportunities and long-term incentive opportunities, which were allocated between PSAs and RSUs.


Annual Incentive Opportunity
Annual incentive awards are discussed in detail in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section beginning on page 26. 2019 annual incentive goal weightings, reflected in columns (c), (d), and (e) of the Grants of Plan-Based Awards table on page 47, are as follows:

Threshold amount shown in column (c)—the minimum annual incentive award, ranging from 15.75 percent to 45 percent of base salary as of December 31, 2019, that would be payable if net income, cash from operating activities, and strategic goals were achieved at threshold and there was no progress on operational and values goals.

Target amount shown in column (d)—the target annual incentive award, ranging from 35 percent to 100 percent of base salary as of December 31, 2019, that would be payable if net income, cash from operating activities, strategic goals, and operational and values goals all were achieved at the target level.

Maximum amount shown in column (e)—maximum annual incentive award, ranging from 70 percent to 200 percent of base salary as of December 31, 2019, that would be payable if net income, cash from operating activities, strategic goals, and operational and values goals were achieved at the superior level.

Goal achievements that fall between threshold and target, and between target and superior, are interpolated on a straight-line basis.

The amounts shown in column (f) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45 include annual incentive awards earned in 2019 at 94.9 percent of target for all NEOs. Annual incentive award amounts, expressed as a percentage of the NEO's base salary, ranged from 33.2 percent to 94.9 percent.

Each NEO may elect to receive his or her annual incentive award in cash, or to defer some or all of the awards in accordance with SERP II. NEOs who retire, die, or become disabled during the year remain eligible to receive a prorated annual incentive award, based on actual results at the end of the year. NEOs who terminate employment for any other reason forfeit any annual incentive award. In the event of a change in control, annual incentive awards would be calculated as if the end of the performance year had occurred, based on the Company's performance at the time of the change in control. Any awards earned would be prorated based on the number of months in the performance year which had elapsed as of the time of the change in control.

48



PSAs
The PSAs for the three-year performance period beginning January 1, 2019, are reflected in the Grants of Plan-Based Awards table on page 47. Specifically, the amounts shown in column (f), (g), and (h) reflect the following:

Threshold amount shown in column (f)—the minimum 2019 PSA payable, set at 50 percent of the target amount, which would be earned if ALLETE's TSR percentile ranking for the three-year performance period was at the 30th percentile among the peer group. If our TSR percentile ranking fell below threshold among the peer group, no PSAs would be paid.

Target amount shown in column (g)—the target PSA payable, which would be earned if ALLETE's TSR percentile ranking was at the 50th percentile among the peer group.

Maximum amount shown in column (h)—the maximum PSA payable, set at 200 percent of the target amount, which would be earned if ALLETE's TSR percentile ranking for the three-year performance period was at the 85th percentile or higher among the peer group.

PSAs are earned as a result of TSR percentile rankings. Rankings that fall between threshold and target, and target and superior, are interpolated on a straight-line basis.

Dividend equivalents accrue during the performance period and allow NEOs to receive the value of dividends that would have been paid on Common Stock between the grant date and the date the performance shares are paid, but only if performance goals are achieved. If earned, performance shares and dividend equivalents are paid in Common Stock after the end of the performance period. An NEO who retires, dies, or becomes disabled during the performance period remains eligible to receive a prorated payment of performance shares. Upon a change in control, PSAs would immediately vest and be paid out on a prorated basis, including dividend equivalents, at the greater of the target level or the level earned based on the actual TSR ranking as of the date of the change in control. The grant date fair value, based on a modeled probability of reaching performance goals for performance shares awarded to each NEO, is included in the amounts shown in column (e) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45.

Performance shares awarded for the 2018-2020 and 2019-2021 performance periods remain unearned unless the performance goals are achieved at the end of the performance periods. The performance shares awarded to each NEO for those periods are shown in column (d) of the Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End table on page 50. The estimated market value of the unearned performance shares, assuming threshold performance in the case of the 2018-2020 and the 2019-2021 performance periods, is shown in column (e) of that table. The actual value to the NEOs, if any, will be determined at the end of the performance periods based on the Company's actual TSR ranking for the three-year performance periods.

During the 2017-2019 performance period, the Company's shareholders realized a TSR of 38.2 percent, ranking us in the 36th percentile of the company peer group and resulting in payout of 65 percent of target performance. Earned performance shares are included in column (b) of the Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End table on page 50.

The Summary Compensation Table on page 45 reflects in column (e) the grant date fair value of the PSAs granted in the year in which the three-year performance period commenced. The number of shares of Common Stock that each NEO will earn pursuant to the 2019 PSA grant will be based on the Company's TSR percentile ranking within an EEI company peer group at the end of the performance period. The TSR peer group and other PSA design terms are discussed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section beginning on page 37.
49



RSUs
The number of RSUs awarded to the NEOs in 2019 is shown in column (i) of the Grants of Plan-Based Awards table on page 47. Each RSU entitles the NEO to receive one share of Common Stock when the unit vests at the end of a three-year period. The RSUs granted in 2019 will vest on December 31, 2021. The NEOs must remain employed by the Company at the time RSUs vest to receive the Common Stock. Dividend equivalents accrue during the vesting period. Dividend equivalents allow the NEOs to receive the value of dividends that would have been paid on Common Stock during the vesting period, but only if the RSUs vest. RSUs and dividend equivalents are paid in Common Stock after the end of the vesting period. Upon an NEO's retirement, disability, or death, a prorated number of the RSUs would immediately vest. In the event of a change in control, restrictions in RSU grants will be deemed to have expired upon the change in control and a prorated number of the RSUs would immediately vest, unless the RSU grant is fully assumed by the successor corporation. If the RSU grant were to be fully assumed, a prorated number of RSUs would immediately vest if the NEO's employment were terminated by the successor corporation for reasons other than cause within 18 months of the change in control.

The full grant date fair value for RSUs awarded to each NEO is included in the amount shown in column (e) of the Summary Compensation Table on page 45. The number of unvested RSUs outstanding at the end of 2019, including dividend equivalents, is shown in column (b) of the following Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End table, while the value of the award as of
December 31, 2019, is shown in column (c).

RSUs are also discussed in the CD&A section on pages 37 and 39.

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End–2019
(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)
Stock Awards
Name
Number of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested1
Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested2
Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Unearned Shares, Units, or Other Rights That Have Not Vested3
Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Market or Payout Value of Unearned Shares, Units, or Other Rights That Have Not Vested4
Bethany M. Owen4,758  $386,2072,861  $232,277
Alan R. Hodnik22,903  $1,859,03712,447  $1,010,323
Robert J. Adams5,808  $471,4353,486  $282,959